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Table 3 Characteristics of 166 patients and putative virulence factors present in the respective C. jejuni isolates

From: Campylobacter jejuni isolates in Finnish patients differ according to the origin of infection

Clinical characteristics Putative virulence factor
  GGT-production virB11 ciaB cgtB wlaN cj0486 CeuE pldA cdtABC
Female sex (99/166) 17/99 3/99 98/99 19/99 23/99 52/99 85/99 62/99 78/99
Underlying disease (38/162) 9/38 3/38 37/38 10/38 9/38 18/38 32/38 23/38 31/38
Domestic infection (40/166) 16/40 (p < 0.0001) * 1/40 40 9/40 8/40 7/40 26/40 25/40 34/40
Infection from abroad 126/166) 9/126 3/126 124/126 22/126 31/126 74/126 (p < 0.0001) † 116/126 (p < 0.0001) † 76/126 97/126
Vomiting (41/156) 8/41 1/41 40/41 8/41 9/41 17/41 34/41 25/41 32/41
Fever (136/156) 20/136 4/136 134/136 27/136 30/136 66/136 115/136 82/136 104/136
Bloody stools (21/119) 6/21 (p = 0.025) 1/21 21 8/21 (p = 0.034) 3/21 9/21 17/21 16/21 18/21
Long-lasting (≥ 10 d) diarrhea (42/161) 6/42 1/42 42 12/42 (p = 0.051) 7/42 18/42 35/42 24/42 31/42
Hospitalization (29/163) 3/29 1/29 29 7/29 8/29 15/29 21/29 (p = 0.031) ‡ 19/29 23/29
No. positive isolates (%) 25/166 (15%) 4/166 (2.4%) 164/166 (99%) 31/166 (19%) 39/166 (23%) 81/166 (49%) 142/166 (86%) 101/166 (61%) 131/166 (79%)
  1. *associated with domestic infection, †associated with infection from abroad, ‡the absence of ceu E associated with hospitalization