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Table 1 Antibiotic resistance genes detected in Clostridium sp. BL8 genome

From: Genome sequencing of multidrug resistant novel Clostridium sp. BL8 reveals its potential for pathogenicity

Gene Antibiotic class Resistance tested against
Aminoglycoside 6-adenylyltransferase Aminoglycosides Streptomycin, Amikacin
GCN5-related N-acetyltransferase Aminoglycosides Gentamicin, Kanamycin
Response regulator for bacitracin transporter BceR Cyclic peptides Colistin
bacitracin ABC transporter, ATP-binding protein Cyclic peptides Colistin
Metal-dependent beta-lactamase PhnP Beta lactams Penicillin-G
Beta-lactamase (EC Beta lactams Ampicillin
Ribosome protection-type tetracycline resistance proteins Tetracyclines Tetracycline
Tetracycline efflux pump TetA Tetracyclines Tetracycline
Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase Amphenicols Chloramphenicol
Zwittermicin A resistance protein ZmaR Aminopolyol NT
Vancomycin B-type resistance protein VanW Glycopeptides Vancomycin
Quinolone resistance protein Quinolones NT
Macrolide-efflux protein Macrolides NT
Erythromycin esterase Macrolides NT
Erythromycin esterase type II Macrolides NT
Dihydrofolate reductase Sulfonamides Cotrimoxazole
  1. Legend: NT- resistance not tested in vitro.