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Table 2 The viable counts of the non- adapted and the adapted cultures exposed to different bile concentrations

From: Cocktails of probiotics pre-adapted to multiple stress factors are more robust under simulated gastrointestinal conditions than their parental counterparts and exhibit enhanced antagonistic capabilities against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

Probiotic strains Acid- bile- temperature adapted Bile concentration (%)
0 1 2 3
Time (hours)
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3
B. bifidum LMG 11041 No 8.07 ± 1.5 8.15 ± 2.2 8.28 ± 2.6 7.22 ± 1.5 7.07 ± 2.4 6.91 ± 1.8 6.95 ± 2.0 6.83 ± 1.2 6.71 ± 0.5 6.67 ± 2.6 6.38 ± 1.8 6.22 ± 1.4
Yes 8.46 ± 1.7 8.72 ± 2.7 9.05 ± 2.5 7.65 ± 2.5 7.54 ± 2.1 7.43 ± 1.9 7.47 ± 2.0 7.31 ± 1.5 7.21 ± 1.0 7.34 ± 1.9 7.22 ± 2.3 7.12 ± 1.5
B. longum LMG 13197 No 8.05 ± 1.7 8.12 ± 2.0 8.23 ± 2.6 7.12 ± 0.9 6.92 ± 1.5 6.73 ± 1.2 6.80 ± 1.8 6.73 ± 1.0 6.51 ± 2.0 6.45 ± 2.0 6.28 ± 1.25 6.13 ± 1.3
Yes 8.44 ± 2.3 8.61 ± 2.9 8.83 ± 3.1 7.51 ± 1.2 7.42 ± 2.0 7.37 ± 1.5 7.45 ± 2.5 7.38 ± 2.8 7.22 ± 2.0 7.27 ± 2.3 7.13 ± 2.5 7.05 ± 1.5
B. longum Bb46 No 8.03 ± 1.2 8.08 ± 2.0 8.19 ± 2.7 7.07 ± 2.0 6.84 ± 1.8 6.63 ± 1.0 6.71 ± 2.0 6.63 ± 1.5 6.47 ± 1.2 6.22 ± 1.1 6.04 ± 1.5 5.74 ± 0.9
Yes 8.40 ± 2.5 8.55 ± 3.2 8.78 ± 3.7 7.47 ± 2.5 7.32 ± 1.8 7.27 ± 2.0 7.42 ± 2.5 7.32 ± 2.3 7.18 ± 2.0 7.07 ± 2.5 6.94 ± 2.0 6.76 ± 2.3
L. acidophilus La14 150B No 8.31 ± 2.1 8.45 ± 2.5 8.54 ± 3.0 7.43 ± 1.5 7.22 ± 1.7 7.17 ± 2.0 7.23 ± 2.0 7.12 ± 1.5 7.05 ± 1.2 7.08 ± 1.8 6.94 ± 1.5 6.77 ± 2.0
Yes 8.88 ± 3.4 9.37 ± 2.9 9.68 ± 2.4 7.92 ± 2.6 7.83 ± 2.0 7.76 ± 2.3 7.84 ± 2.2 7.74 ± 2.0 7.61 ± 1.8 7.64 ± 1.5 7.52 ± 1.0 7.44 ± 1.1
L. fermentum No 8.12 ± 2.1 8.18 ± 2.0 8.34 ± 2.5 7.26 ± 0.5 7.11 ± 1.2 7.02 ± 0.9 7.04 ± 1.5 6.94 ± 2.0 6.84 ± 1.2 6.87 ± 1.2 6.73 ± 1.5 6.51 ± 2.0
Yes 8.58 ± 2.0 8.86 ± 2.7 9.17 ± 1.7 7.77 ± 1.5 7.70 ± 2.0 7.62 ± 1.7 7.52 ± 2.3 7.44 ± 2.7 7.38 ± 1.3 7.41 ± 1.8 7.28 ± 2.0 7.19 ± 2.3
L. plantarum No 8.18 ± 1.5 8.24 ± 2.5 8.42 ± 1.8 7.38 ± 1.2 7.17 ± 1.0 7.08 ± 1.5 7.13 ± 2.0 7.08 ± 1.2 6.97 ± 1.5 6.94 ± 1.1 6.84 ± 1.3 6.73 ± 1.5
Yes 8.63 ± 2.2 9.08 ± 1.5 9.47 ± 2.4 7.85 ± 2.0 7.77 ± 2.3 7.68 ± 1.8 7.67 ± 2.5 7.51 ± 2.3 7.42 ± 2.0 7.49 ± 2.5 7.39 ± 2.7 7.28 ± 2.3
  1. Each value in the table represents the mean of triplicate counts from three separate experiments.