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Table 3 Enteric pathogens in the stool samples with diarrhea cases (n = 271) and healthy controls (n = 149) in Kunming, China

From: Case–control study of diarrheal disease etiology in individuals over 5 years in southwest China

Enteropathogen Diarrhea cases
n = 271
n (%)
Healthy controls
n = 149
n (%)
Univariate analysis Multivariate analyses
p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI)
At least one enteropathogen 79 (29.2) 18 (12.1) p < 0.0001 3.00 (1.71–5.23)
At least one enteric bacterial pathogens 37 (13.7) 5 (3.4) p = 0.001 4.55 (1.75–11.85)
 DEC 34 (12.5) 5 (3.4) p = 0.002 4.13 (1.58–10.80)
  EAEC 20 (7.4) 2 (1.3) p = 0.008 5.86 (1.35–25.41) p = 0.198 5.95 (1.33–26.63)
  EPEC 15 (5.5) 3 (2.0) p = 0.088 2.85 (0.81–10.01) p = 0.107 2.86 (0.80–10.27)
  ETEC 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
  EIEC 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  EHEC 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 NTS 2 (0.7) 0 (0.0) p = 0.541
 Plesiomonas spp. 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
 Vibrio parahaemolyticus 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Vibrio cholera 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Aeromonas spp. 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Shigella spp. 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
At least one enteric virus pathogens 39 (14.4) 6 (4.0) p = 0.001 4.00 (1.66–9.70)
 NoV GII 27 (10.0) 3 (2.0) p = 0.002 5.38 (1.60–18.06) p = 0.0794 3.86 (0.85–17.48)
 RVA 20 (7.4) 2 (1.3) p = 0.008 5.86 (1.35–25.41) p = 0.0166 4.50 (1.31–15.43)
 NoV GI 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
 SaV 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
 As 0 (0.0) 1 (0.7) p = 0.355
 Ad 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)   
At least one enteric parasite pathogens 13 (4.8) 9 (6.0) p = 0.584 0.78 (0.33–1.88)   
 B. hominis 13 (4.8) 9 (6.0) p = 0.584 0.78 (0.33–1.88) p = 0.412 0.68 (0.27–1.71)
 Cryptosporidium spp. 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
 Giardia lamblia 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  1. Including the co-infection of enteric pathogens in diarrhea cases and healthy subjects. The “–” symbol indicates the data can not be calculated