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Table 6 The co-infection of enteric pathogens detected in diarrhea cases and healthy controls

From: Case–control study of diarrheal disease etiology in individuals over 5 years in southwest China

Co-infections of enteric pathogens Diarrhea cases
n = 271
n (%)
Healthy controls
n = 149
n (%)
p value OR (95% CI)
Any two any enteric pathogens 20 (7.4) 2 (1.3) p = 0.0079 5.86 (1.35–25.41)
Virus–virus 9 (3.3) 0 (0.0) p = 0.0298
 RVA–NoV GII 8 (3.0) 0 (0.0) p = 0.0549
Bacteria–virus 5 (1.8) 0 (0.0) p = 0.166
 DEC–NoV GII 4 (1.5) 0 (0.0) p = 0.302
 DEC–RVA 3 (1.1) 0 (0.0) p = 0.556
Bacteria–protozoan 3 (1.1) 2 (1.3) p = 0.999 0.83 (0.14–5.00)
 DEC–B. hominis 3 (1.1) 2 (1.3) p = 0.999 0.83 (0.14–5.00)
Any three enteric pathogens 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) p = 0.999
 DEC–RVA–Cryptosporidium spp. 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) p = 0.999
Total 21 (7.7) 2 (1.3) p = 0.0059 6.17 (1.43–26.71)
  1. Only co-infections with two pathogens found in at least 1% of diarrhea cases have been shown. The “–” symbol indicates the data can not be calculated