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Table 2 Frequencies of detection of etiological agents causing diarrhea in children

From: Multiple etiologies of infectious diarrhea and concurrent infections in a pediatric outpatient-based screening study in Odisha, India

Infectious agent detected Method of detection Frequency (%) of detection in p value
Diarrheal group (n = 130) Non-diarrheal group (n = 48)
DECa PCR 40 (30.7) 10 (20.83) 0.1935
STEC PCR 14 (10.76) 3 (6.25) 0.3685
EPEC PCR 28 (21.53) 5 (10.41) 0.0975
EHEC PCR 1 (0.77) 0 0.9434
EAEC PCR 9 (6.9) 1 (2.08) 0.2412
O 157 PCR 6 (4.61) 1 (2.08) 0.4525
Shigella spp. PCR 31 (23.84) 2 (4.16) 0.0086*
Rotavirusb Immunochromatography 34 (26.15) 0 0.0135*
Adenovirusb Immunochromatography 6 (4.61) 1 (2.08) 0.4525
Cryptosporidium spp. PCR 4 (3.07) 0 0.4091
Giardia spp. PCR 1 (0.77) 0 0.3652
  1. * Statistically significant
  2. a DEC includes all detected strains of diarrheagenic E. coli. Each of those strains were diagnosed using strain-specific primers as recommended in the previously published reports (see details as shown in Table 1)
  3. b Rotavirus and Adenovirus were detected by Immunochromatography test using commercially procured kit (Combi-Strip C-1004, Coris Bioconcept ltd- Belgium)