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Table 3 Gender-wise distribution of incidences of infectious etiologies of diarrhea in children

From: Multiple etiologies of infectious diarrhea and concurrent infections in a pediatric outpatient-based screening study in Odisha, India

Total no of samples Total no. with an infectious diagnosis No (%) of cases tested positive for different etiologies
Cryptosporidium Adenovirus Rotavirus* Shigella stx Giardia DEC
Male
 70 38 (54.28) 3 (4.28) 2 (2.85) 28 (40) 20 (28.57) 1 (1.42) 22 (31.42)
Female
 60 36 (60) 1 (1.66) 4 (4.66) 6 (10) 11 (18.33) 0 (0) 18 (30)
Statistics
 p value 0.5121 0.406 0.3158 0.0003 0.1749 0.5589 0.8604
 95% CI (lower, upper) 0.3937, 1.5919 0.2675, 26.0903 0.0727, 2.3316 2.2755, 15.8209 0.7734, 4.1051 0.1044, 65.3068 0.5062, 2.2595
 Odds ratio 0.7917 2.642 0.4118 6 1.7818 2.6115 1.0694
  1. Percentages are calculated based on the total number of male and female cases with symptoms of diarrhea as included in the present study (n = 70 and 60, respectively)
  2. DEC diarrheagenic Escherichia coli
  3. * Statistically significant