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Table 5 Age group-wise distribution of incidences of different etiological agents causing diarrhea in children in diarrheal group

From: Multiple etiologies of infectious diarrhea and concurrent infections in a pediatric outpatient-based screening study in Odisha, India

  No (%) of cases under age groups Statistical analysis
<2 years (n = 82) 2–5 years (n = 48) p value Odds ratio (95% CI)
At least one infectious etiology 48 (58.53) 26 (54.16) 0.316 1.195 (0.582, 2.449)
DEC 22 (26.82) 18 (37.49) 0.106 0.611 (0.285, 1.309)
Shigella flexneri 20 (24.39) 11 (22.91) 0.429 1.085 (0.468, 2.515)
Rotavirus 28 (34.14) 6 (12.49) 0.003** 3.63 (1.377, 9.57)
Adenovirus 2 (2.43) 4 (8.33) 0.079 0.275 (0.048, 1.562)
Cryptosporidium 4 (4.87) 0 0.076 Undefined#
Giardia 1 (1.21) 0 0.315 Undefined#
  1. Percentages are calculated based on the total number of children with symptoms of diarrhea under <2 years and 2–5 years age groups (n = 82 and 48, respectively)
  2. ** Extremely statistically significant