Skip to main content

Table 1 C. concisus and C. ureolyticus detected as monoinfections and in mixed infections by PCR using species specific housekeeping genes in pathogen-negative traveler’s diarrhea cases and asymptomatic controls from CIWEC Travel Medicine Clinic, Kathmandu, Nepal and Bamrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

From: Incidence of Campylobacter concisus and C. ureolyticus in traveler’s diarrhea cases and asymptomatic controls in Nepal and Thailand

CIWEC Travel Medicine Clinic, Nepal Cases (n = 83) Controls (n = 75) OR (95% CI) P
C. concisus: single pathogen 24 (28.9%) 3 (4%) 9.8 (2.8–34.1) 0.0003
C. ureolyticus: single pathogen 4 (4.8%) 4 (5.3%) 0.9 (0.2–3.7) NS
C. concisus and C. ureolyticus mixed infection 2 (2.4%) 1 (1.3%) 1.8 (0.2–20.5) NS
Campylobacter spp. (non C. concisus and C. ureolyticus) 6 (7.2%) 6 (8.0%) 0.7 (0.2–2.0) NS
Bamrungrad International Hospital, Thailand Cases (n = 26) Controls (n = 30) OR (95% CI) P
C. concisus: Single pathogen 2 (7.7%) 0 N/A N/A
C. ureolyticus: Single pathogen 1 (3.8%) 1 (3.3%) 1.2 (0.07–19.5) NS
C. concisus and C. ureolyticus mixed infection 1 (3.8%) 0 N/A N/A
Campylobacter spp. (non C. concisus and C. ureolyticus) 5 (19.2%) 1 (3.3%) 4.8 (0.5–41.6) NS
  1. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using multivariate logistic regression with a significant P < 0.05
  2. NS not significant
  3. N/A not applicable for statistical analysis