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Table 2 Comparison of the demographic and clinical characteristics of children suffering single or mixed viral infections

From: Molecular detection of human enteric viruses circulating among children with acute gastroenteritis in Valencia, Venezuela, before rotavirus vaccine implementation

  Single infection Mixed infection
N. of children infected 95 (70.9) 39 (29.1)
Median age, months 13 11
Age group, months
 < 24 78 (82.1) 37 (94.9)
 24–60 17 (17.9) 2 (5.1)
Gender
 Female 31 (32.6) 18 (46.2)
 Male 64 (67.4) 21 (53.8)
Graffar socioeconomic level, n. (%)
 1
 2 1 (1.1) 1 (2.6)
 3 9 (9.5) 4 (10.3)
 4 39 (41.1) 16 (41)
 5 46 (48.4) 18 (46.2)
Malnutrition status
 None 73 (76.8) 28 (71.8)
 Light 13 (13.7) 7 (17.9)
 Mild 9 (9.5) 3 (7.7)
 Severe 1 (2.6)
Dehydration
 None 82 (86.3) 31 (79.5)
 Mild 10 (10.5) 5 (12.8)
 Severe 3 (3.2) 3 (7.7)
Type of treatment
 Outpatient 78 (82.1) 30 (76.9)
 Inpatient 17 (17.9) 9 (23.1)
  1. Data are n (%) of children studied. No significant difference (p > 0.05) related with these variables was observed. Data were analysed using χ2 or Fisher’s exact test (two-tailed, 95% confidence intervals) when the size sample was less than 5 (Epi Info™ 7.1.4.0, CDC Atlanta, GA, USA). The significance of the difference for the ages was calculated by Student’s test. The scale used for the Graffar socioeconomic level was based in a modified methodology described by Méndez Castellano et al. [32]