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Table 1 Information of included studies in the meta-analysis of prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in vegetables, fruits and fresh produces

From: The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in vegetables, fruits, and fresh produce: a systematic review and meta-analysis

References Na nb P (%) 95% Cl Cam.Sp Sample Method Country V (g)c
[1] 5 0 0 0–49.06 spp. Arugula Culture Spain 25
  18 0 0 0–20.95 spp. Carrot Culture Spain 25
  21 0 0 0–18.63 spp. Corn salad Culture Spain 25
  21 0 0 0–18.63 spp. Endive Culture Spain 25
  29 0 0 0–14.1 spp. Lettuce Culture Spain 25
  10 0 0 0–32.17 spp. Spinach Culture Spain 25
  15 0 0 0–21.28 spp. Sprouts Culture Spain 25
  132 0 0 0–3.37 spp. Mixed salads Culture Spain 25
  21 0 0 0–18.63 spp. Fresh–cut fruit Culture Spain 25
  28 0 0 0–14.63 spp. Whole vegetables Culture Spain 25
[23] 40 0 0 0–9.75 spp. Fresh vegetable Culture Austria 25
  36 0 0 0–11.75 spp. Mixed salad Culture Austria 25
[24] 128 0 0 0–3.58 spp. Lettuce Culture Canada 25
  59 0 0 0–7.37 spp. Spinach Culture Canada 25
  129 0 0 0–3.56 spp. Green onions Culture Canada 25
  206 0 0 0–2.26 spp. Carrots Culture Canada 25
  120 0 0 0–3.8 spp. Tomatoes Culture Canada 25
  31 0 0 0–13.38 spp. Strawberry Culture Canada 25
[25] 40 2 5 0–11.75 jejuni Lettuce Molecular Brazil 25
  40 1 2.5 0–7.33 coli Lettuce Molecular Brazil 25
  40 0 0 0–10.62 spp. Spinach Molecular Brazil 25
[26] 80 0 0 0–4.6 spp. Strawberry Culture/molecular Belgium 25
  241 8 3.3 1.7 –6.4 spp. Leafy greens Culture/molecular Belgium 25
[8] 40 4 10 0.7–19.3 spp. Yard long bean Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  39 18 46.1 31–61 spp. Winged bean Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  41 23 56.09 41–71 spp. Mung bean sprout Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  36 20 55.5 40–70 spp. Vietnamese coriander Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  39 21 53.8 38–70 spp. Japanese parsley Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  37 22 59.4 43–74 spp. Indian pennywort Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  38 13 34.2 19–49 spp. Wild cosmos Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
[27] 49 4 8.16 0–15.7 spp. Vegetable from farm Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
[28] 27 0 0 0–14.3 jejuni Vegetable Culture Vietnam 250
[29] 5170 0 0 0–0.09 spp. Leafy vegetables Culture Canada 25
  3696 0 0 0–0.13 spp. Leafy herbs Culture Canada 25
[30] 400 2 0.5 0.0–1.2 jejuni Grated vegetables Culture/molecular France 20
[31] 50 1 2 0.0–5.88 spp. Parsley Culture/molecular Mexico 25
[32] 88 8 9 3.02–14.97 spp. Lettuce Culture Belgium 25
[15] 48 4 8.3 0.5–16.1 spp. Greenhouse lettuce Culture Belgium 25
  40 4 10 0.7–19.3 spp. Open field farm lettuce Culture Belgium 25
[33] 22 9 40.9 19.52–60.47 jejuni Vegetable/fruit salads Culture Pakistan 10
[34] 80 0 0 0–5.5 spp. Strawberry Culture/molecular Norway 10
[16] 61 22 36.06 24–48 jejuni Winged bean Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  60 40 66.6 54–78 jejuni Long yard bean Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  20 11 55 34–76 jejuni Indian pennywort Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  47 20 42.5 28.4–56.6 jejuni Japanese parsley Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  10 7 70 42–98 jejuni Vietnamese coriander Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  23 12 52.2 31.6–72.4 jejuni Cucumber Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  30 21 70 54–86 jejuni Cabbage Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  10 8 80 56–104 jejuni Mung bean sprout Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
  70 50 71.4 70–81.9 jejuni Wild cosmos Culture/molecular Malaysia 10
[35] 9 1 11.11 0–31.44 jejuni Spinach Culture India 25
  9 1 11.11 0–31.44 jejuni Fenugreek Culture India 25
  9 0 0 0–34.86 spp. Cauliflower Culture India 25
  9 0 0 0–34.86 spp. Cabbage Culture India 25
  10 0 0 0–32.48 spp. Coriander Culture India 25
  4 0 0 0–55 spp. Raddish Culture India 25
  6 0 0 0–44.79 spp. Carrot Culture India 25
[36] 151 0 0 0–2.9 spp. Lettuce Culture UK 25
[37] 1372 12 0.9 0.4–1.4 spp. Fresh leafy vegetable Culture/molecular Italy 25
  1160 6 0.5 0.1–0.9 spp. Ready to Eat vegetable Culture/molecular Italy 25
[38] 86 0 0 0–5.23 spp. Organic vegetable Culture North Ireland 25
[39] 42 0 0 0–10.16 spp. RTE vegetables Culture Canada 100
[40] 1260 0 0 0–0.36 spp. Fruit and vegetables Culture UK 25
  224 0 0 0–2.07 spp. Mixed salads Culture UK 25
  226 0 0 0–2.05 spp. Coleslaw (Salad) Culture UK 25
[41] 12 0 0 0–28.7 spp. Salad Culture South Africa 25
[42] 22 0 0 0–17.78 jejuni Salad/gravy prepared Culture South Africa 20
  22 0 0 0–17.78 jejuni Salad/gravy during holding Culture South Africa 20
  22 0 0 0–17.78 jejuni Salad/gravy raw materials Culture South Africa 20
[43] 65 0 0 0–6.85 spp. RTU vegetables Culture Canada 25
  296 0 0 0–1.47 spp. RTU vegetable Culture Canada 25
[44] 183 2 1.09 0–2.4 spp. Spinach Culture Canada 50
  348 2 0.57 0–1.24 spp. Lettuce Culture Canada 50
  174 2 1.15 0.0–2.65 spp. Radish Culture Canada 200
  160 1 0.62 0–1.8 spp. Green onion Culture Canada 50
  177 1 0.56 0–1.54 spp. Parsley Culture Canada 50
  153 1 0.65 0.0–1.82 spp. Potatoes Culture Canada 200
  150 0 0 0.0–3.09 spp. Celery Culture Canada 50
  130 0 0 0.0–3.55 spp. Cabbage Culture Canada 200
  149 0 0 0–3.09 spp. Carrot Culture Canada 200
  123 0 0 0.0–3.61 spp. Cucumber Culture Canada 200
  482 14 2.9 1.5–4.5 spp. Fresh vegetables Culture Canada 50/200
[45] 90 20 22.2 13.5–30.5 spp. MAP mixed salad Culture UK 10
[46] 2870 0 0 0–0.165 spp. RTE salads Culture UK 25
[47] 3852 0 0 0–0.122 spp. RTE salad vegetables Culture UK 25
[48] 3200 0 0 0–0.148 spp. RTE organic vegetables Culture UK 25
[49] 94 0 0 0–4.93 spp. Chicken salad Culture/molecular UK 25
  35 0 0 0–12 spp. Ham salad Culture/molecular UK 25
  12 0 0 0–28.7 spp. Salmon salad Culture/molecular UK 25
[50] 28 0 0 0–14.6 jejuni Vegetable Culture Malawi 10
[51] 40 0 0 0–10.6 spp. Vegetable Culture United States 25
[52] 11 1 9.1 0–25.9 jejuni Cucumber Culture Malaysia 25
  9 0 0 0–34.8 jejuni Lettuce Culture Malaysia 25
[53] 55 0 0 0–7.85 jejuni Asparagus Culture New Zealand 50
  55 0 0 0–7.85 jejuni Mung bean sprouts Culture New Zealand 50
  55 0 0 0–7.85 jejuni Watercress Culture New Zealand 50
  55 0 0 0–7.85 jejuni Spinach Culture New Zealand 50
  55 0 0 0–7.85 jejuni Silver beet Culture New Zealand 50
[14] 1157 2 0.17 0.02–0.62 spp. Fruit crops Culture Netherland 25
  196 0 0 0–1.86 spp. Root crops Culture Netherland 25
  127 0 0 0–2.86 spp. Cabbage Culture Netherland 25
  8 0 0 0–36.94 spp. Mushrooms Culture Netherland 25
  42 0 0 0–8.41 spp. Onions, garlic Culture Netherland 25
  50 1 2 0.05–10.65 spp. Stem and sprout crops Culture Netherland 25
  2549 5 0.2 0.06–0.46 spp. Mixed salads/vegetables Culture Netherland 25
  159 1 0.6 0.02–3.45 spp. Vegetable-fruit mix Culture Netherland 25
  11 0 0 0–28.49 spp. Fruit Culture Netherland 25
  779 2 0.3 0.03–0.92 spp. Mixed fruit Culture Netherland 25
  562 2 0.36 0.04–1.28 spp. Leafy vegetables Culture Netherland 25
[54] 217 2 0.9 0.0–2.2 jejuni Mushrooms Culture Ireland 10
  62 0 0 0–7.11 spp. Vegetables/salad Culture Ireland 10
[55] 1810 3 0.22 0.06–0.48 spp. Raw vegetable Culture Netherland 25
  764 0 0 0–0.5 spp. Vegetable Culture Netherland 25
  1151 0 0 0–0.4 spp. Vegetable Culture Netherland 25
  1. a Number of samples, b Number of positive samples, c Sample volume