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Table 5 Association between patients’ clinical symptoms and underlying diseases condition, irrespective to CDT status

From: Pancreatic disease patients are at higher risk for Clostridium difficile infection compared to those with other co-morbidities

Clinical symptoms Pancreatic diseases
n = 340 (%)
Hepatic diseases
n = 245 (%)
Renal diseases
n = 408 (%)
Malignancies
n = 517 (%)
Miscellaneous diseases
n = 526 (%)
Chi-square
p-value
  
Bloody diarrhea   
 Absent 324 (95.3) 236 (96.3) 389 (95.3) 484 (93.6) 479 (91.1) 0.01*   
 Present 16 (4.7) 9 (3.7) 19 (4.7) 33 (6.4) 47 (8.9)   
Watery diarrhea   
 Absent 113 (33.2) 100 (40.8) 144 (35.3) 207 (40) 204 (38.8) 0.17   
 Present 227 (66.8) 145 (59.2) 264 (64.7) 310 (60) 322 (61.2)   
Mucus in stool   
 Absent 190 (55.9) 165 (67.3) 299 (73.3) 355 (68.7) 355 (67.5) < 0.05*   
 Present 150 (44.1) 80 (32.7) 109 (26.7) 162 (31.3) 171 (32.5)   
Abdominal pain   
 Absent 156 (45.9) 148 (60.4) 263 (64.5) 309 (59.8) 317 (60.3) < 0.05*   
 Present 184 (54.1) 97 (39.6) 145 (35.5) 208 (40.2) 209 (39.7)   
Fever   
 Absent 172 (50.6) 171 (69.8) 277 (67.9) 240 (46.4) 314 (59.7) < 0.05*   
 Present 168 (49.4) 74 (30.2) 131 (32.1) 277 (53.6) 212 (40.3)   
Frequency Median (IQR) 5 (4–8) 6 (5–8) 6 (4–8) 5 (4–8) 5 (4–8) Kruskal–Wallis test 0.006*
Duration Median (IQR) 3 (2–10) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–4.5) 5 (3–15) < 0.001*
  1. CDT Clostridium difficile toxins, Pos positive, Neg negative
  2. * Significant p-value