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Fig. 4 | Gut Pathogens

Fig. 4

From: Prevalence and pathologic effects of colibactin and cytotoxic necrotizing factor-1 (Cnf 1) in Escherichia coli: experimental and bioinformatics analyses

Fig. 4

Pathologic changes in the rats kidneys infected with UPEC. a Control uninfected rat; b hemolytic non-toxin harbouring E. coli isolate 13β (hly+ cnf 1 clbA clbQ); c1, c2 hemolytic toxin producing E. coli isolate 6β (hly+ cnf 1+ clbA+ clbQ+); d non-hemolytic non-toxin harbouring E. coli isolate 67 (hly cnf 1 clbA clbQ). Letters G, T and IF refer to Glomeruli, Tuft and inflammatory cells infiltration, respectively. The arrows in b and c1, indicate congestion of the blood vessels. In c2, nuclear pyknosis and vacuolar degeneration are indicated by thin continuous and dashed arrows, respectively. The detailed description of the pathologic changes is mentioned in Table 3

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