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Table 2 Summary of identified pathogens present in stool samples collected during 2013 to 2017 from US military personnel presenting with diarrheal disease while deployed in Thailand

From: Enteric etiological surveillance in acute diarrhea stool of United States Military Personnel on deployment in Thailand, 2013–2017

YearPathogen detectionDetection rate (percent
CampylobacterCampylobacter jejuni12/48 (25%)
Campylobacter species9/48 (18.8%)
Total21/48 (43.8%)
Diarrheagenic E. coli*EPEC13/48 (27%)
ETEC3/48 (6%)
EAEC3/48 (6%)
EIEC1/48 (2%)
Total20/48 (42%)
Salmonella spp.Salmonella group B5/48 (10%)
Salmonella group c4/48 (8%)
Salmonella species2/48 (4%)
Total11/48 (23%)
NorovirusNorovirus GII5/48 (10%)
Norovirus GI2/48 (4%)
Total7/48 (15%)
Plesiomonas shigelloides 6/48 (13%)
Aeromonas species 6/48 (13%)
Vibrio species 3/48 (6%)
Rotavirus 2/48 (4%)
Helicobacter pylori 2/48 (4%)
Shigella species 1/48 (2%)
Arcobacter butzleri 1/48 (2%)
No pathogen detected 10/48 (21%)
  1. *Diarrheagenic E.coli [EPEC = Enteropathogenic E. coli, ETEC = Enterotoxigenic E. coli, EAEC = Enteroaggregative E. coli, EIEC = Enteroinvasive E. coli]