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Table 2 General characteristics of the participants in the fecal microbiota analysis (n = 22)

From: Enteric parasitic infection disturbs bacterial structure in Mexican children with autoantibodies for type 1 diabetes and/or celiac disease

  Infected with enteropathogenic parasites, (n = 18) Non-infected with enteropathogenic parasites (n = 4)
Sex (F/M) 12/6 4/0
Age (years ± SD) 9.88 ± 2.10 10 ± 0.81
BMI (kg/m2 ± SD) 17.7 ± 3.58 21.36 ± 10.75
Haplotype
 HLA DQ2 9 2
 HLA DQ8 3 0
 Other risk genotypea 6 2
Autoanti-bodies (positives/n)
 Anti-IAA 15/18 3/4
 Anti-GAD 1/18 0/4
 Anti-IA2 1/18 0/4
 Anti-Gd 5/18 1/4
 Anti-TG 3/18 1/4
T1D diagnosis (n) 1 0
CD diagnosis (n) 1 1
Diet
 Energy (kcal/d ± SD) 1636.3 ± 444.4 1746.7 ± 598.3
 Carbohydrates (% ± SD) 57.0 ± 8.6 61.6 ± 14.6
 Proteins (% ± SD) 12.3 ± 3.7 11.2 ± 2.9
 Lipids (% ± SD) 32.5 ± 6.5 28.9 ± 14.2
  1. Independent samples t tests were performed, p ≤ 0.05. No significant differences were found between groups
  2. F female, M male, SD standard deviation, n sample size, T1D type 1 diabetes, CD celiac disease
  3. aParticipants with one or two HLA risk alleles (DQA1 0501, DQB1 0201, DQA1 0301, DQB1 0302)