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Table 1 Patients characteristics

From: Characteristics of patients infected with Clostridioides difficile at a Saudi Tertiary Academic Medical Center and assessment of antibiotic duration

Characteristic N (%) or Median [IQR]
Age (years) 62 (48–71)
Sex (male) 80 (50.3)
Hospital unit
 Medical 129 (81.1)
 ICU 19 (11.9)
 ED 11 (6.9)
Acquisition
 CA-CDI 28 (17.6)
 HO-CDI 113 (71.1)
 CO-HCFA 18 (11.3)
Severity
 Non-severe 71 (44.7)
 Severe 47 (29.6)
 Severe complicated (fulminant) 41 (25.8)
Time to CDI from admission, daysa 7 (2–20)
Non-CDI antibiotic therapy 121 (76.1)
Number of antibioticsb 3 (1–5)
Cancer chemotherapy 22 (13.8)
Acid suppression therapy 120 (75.5)
Type of acid suppression therapyc
 Proton pump inhibitor 47 (29.6)
 H2-receptor antagonist 2 (1.3)
 Antacid 1 (0.6)
 > 1 type 70 (44)
 Lower gastrointestinal disease 14 (8.8)
  1. aIn hospitalized patients, excluding patients presented to the ED 
  2. bIn the subset of patients who received antibiotics
  3. cIn the subset of patients who received acid suppression therapy
  4. CA-CDI community-acquired C. difficile infection, CDI C. difficile infection, CO-HCFA community-onset healthcare facility-associated, DOT days of therapy, ED emergency department, HO-CDI, hospital-onset C. difficile infection, ICU intensive care unit, IQR interquartile range