Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 8 | Gut Pathogens

Figure 8

From: The impact of Toll-like-receptor-9 on intestinal microbiota composition and extra-intestinal sequelae in experimental Toxoplasma gondii induced ileitis

Figure 8

Systemic and extra-intestinal pro-inflammatory cytokine responses following ileitis induction. Serum (A) IL-6 and (B) IFN-γ, splenic (C) TNF-α and (D) IFN-γ as well as hepatic (E) TNF-α and (F) IL-6 protein concentrations were determined in respective ex vivo biopsies derived from C57BL/6 wildtype (WT; black circles) and TLR-9 deficient (TLR-9-/-; white circles) mice seven days following ileitis induction (ILE). Naïve mice served as negative controls (N). Numbers of analyzed mice (in parentheses), means (black bars) and levels of significance (P-values) as compared to the respective groups (determined by Mann–Whitney-U test) are indicated. Data shown were pooled from three independent experiments.

Back to article page