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  1. MiR-146a, an effector mediator, targets Notch-1 and regulates the innate and adaptive immune systems response. Recently, we reported that Notch-1 signaling plays a key role in macrophage polarization and respo...

    Authors: Esra’a Keewan and Saleh A. Naser

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:48

    Content type: Research

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  2. Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) is frequently found in colorectal cancers (CRCs). High loads of Fn DNA are detected in CRC tissues with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H), or with the CpG island hypermethylatio...

    Authors: Yoshiki Okita, Minoru Koi, Koki Takeda, Ryan Ross, Bhramar Mukherjee, Erika Koeppe, Elena M. Stoffel, Joseph A. Galanko, Amber N. McCoy, Temitope O. Keku, Yoshinaga Okugawa, Takahito Kitajima, Yuji Toiyama, Eric Martens and John M. Carethers

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:46

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  3. Based on MLST analyses the global population of C. difficile is distributed in eight clades, of which Clade 2 includes the “hypervirulent” NAP1/RT027/ST01 strain along with various unexplored sequence types (STs)...

    Authors: Josué Orozco-Aguilar, Alejandro Alfaro-Alarcón, Luis Acuña-Amador, Esteban Chaves-Olarte, César Rodríguez and Carlos Quesada-Gómez

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:45

    Content type: Research

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  4. Plasmid-mediated resistance to the last-resort drugs: carbapenems and colistin is an emerging public health threat. The studies on the prevalence and co-expression of resistant genes among livestock and human ...

    Authors: Bijaya Muktan, Upendra Thapa Shrestha, Binod Dhungel, Bagish Chandra Mishra, Nabaraj Shrestha, Nabaraj Adhikari, Megha Raj Banjara, Bipin Adhikari, Komal Raj Rijal and Prakash Ghimire

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:44

    Content type: Research

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  5. Community-acquired urinary tract infection (CA-UTI) could be caused by endogenous or exogenous routes. To show this relationship, we investigated molecular fingerprints and genotypes of paired Enterococcus faecal...

    Authors: Zohreh Ghalavand, Masoud Alebouyeh, Kiandokht Ghanati, Leila Azimi and Marjan Rashidan

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:42

    Content type: Research

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  6. Colistin is still a widely used antibiotic in veterinary medicine although it is a last-line treatment option for hospitalized patients with infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Col...

    Authors: Bernd Neumann, Wiebke Rackwitz, Klaus-Peter Hunfeld, Stephan Fuchs, Guido Werner and Yvonne Pfeifer

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:40

    Content type: Genome Report

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  7. After the failure of clarithromycin- and bismuth-based quadruple therapy (CBQT), levofloxacin- and bismuth-based quadruple therapy (LBQT) is recommended for Helicobacter pylori eradication. We compared the effica...

    Authors: Siya Kong, Keting Huang, Jun Wang, Xiaoyong Wang, Ningmin Yang, Yu Dong, Ya Zhuang, Yini Dang, Guoxin Zhang and Feng Ye

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:39

    Content type: Research

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  8. Intestinal bacterial dysbiosis and increased gut permeability are associated with higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes (T1D) or celiac disease (CD). There is a lack of information on parasitism involved i...

    Authors: Ana M. Calderón de la Barca, Reyna S. Castillo-Fimbres, María Esther Mejía-León, Luis Quihui-Cota, Adrián Ochoa-Leyva and Sandra V. Aguayo-Patrón

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:37

    Content type: Research

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  9. Helicobacter pylori bacterium is a major cause of gastritis. With increasing use of antibiotics to treat infections, mutation resistant strains have emerged in most human populations. To effectively treat patient...

    Authors: Yangxia Li, Tangshan Lv, Chaochao He, Hongyan Wang, David S. Cram, Linfu Zhou, Jun Zhang and Weiqin Jiang

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:35

    Content type: Research

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  10. Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (HVKp) infections have distinct clinical manifestations from classical K. pneumoniae infections. The hallmark of HVKp infections are liver abscess formation and metastatic infe...

    Authors: Atsushi Togawa, Michinobu Yoshimura, Chiemi Tokushige, Akira Matsunaga, Tohru Takata and Yasushi Takamatsu

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:34

    Content type: Research

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  11. Metagenomic analysis of the gut microbiome and resistome is instrumental for understanding the dynamics of diarrheal pathogenesis and antimicrobial resistance transmission (AMR). Metagenomic sequencing of 20 d...

    Authors: Rituparna De, Asish Kumar Mukhopadhyay and Shanta Dutta

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:32

    Content type: Research

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  12. Helicobacter pylori colonises the stomach of approximately 50% of the global population. Cytotoxin-associated gene A protein (CagA) is one of the important virulent factors responsible for the increased inflammat...

    Authors: Shaohan Xu, Xiaoqian Wu, Xiaoyan Zhang, Chu Chen, Hao Chen and Feifei She

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:31

    Content type: Research

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  13. Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is diagnosed with a presentation of > 1 episode of vomiting and > 3 episodes of diarrhea in a 24-h period. Treatment is supportive, however, in severe cases antibacterial treatment ...

    Authors: Omar Fraij, Neva Castro, Luis A. de Leon Castro and Lawrence J. Brandt

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:30

    Content type: Research

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  14. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is required to safely work with biological agents of bacterial (i.e. Mycobacterium tuberculosis) or viral origin (Ebola and SARS). COVID-19 pandemic especially has created unfo...

    Authors: Vikram Saini, Kriti Sikri, Sakshi Dhingra Batra, Priya Kalra and Kamini Gautam

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:29

    Content type: Short report

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  15. Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) associated with the initiation and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been alarmingly reported all over the world. In this study, simultaneous investigation of ...

    Authors: Seyedesomaye Jasemi, Mohammad Emaneini, Mohammad Sadegh Fazeli, Zahra Ahmadinejad, Bizhan Nomanpour, Fatemah Sadeghpour Heravi, Leonardo A. Sechi and Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:28

    Content type: Research

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  16. Intestinal parasitic diseases occur worldwide, and their diagnosis poses considerable challenges. Cryptosporidium spp., Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis, (and, arguably, Dientamoeba fragilis and Blasto...

    Authors: Aline Lamien-Meda, Renate Schneider, Julia Walochnik, Herbert Auer, Ursula Wiedermann and David Leitsch

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:27

    Content type: Research

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  17. The global epidemic of nosocomial diarrhea caused by Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile started in 2000, with high mortality rates and emergence of a new hypervirulent strain NAP1/BI/027. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Miloš Korać, Maja Rupnik, Nataša Nikolić, Milica Jovanović, Tanja Tošić, Jovan Malinić, Nikola Mitrović, Marko Marković, Ankica Vujović, Sanja Peruničić, Ksenija Bojović, Vladimir Djordjević, Aleksandra Barać and Ivana Milošević

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:26

    Content type: Research

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  18. Helicobacter pylori typically colonizes the human stomach, but it can occasionally be detected in the oral cavity of infected persons. Clinical outcome as a result of gastric colonization depends on presence of t...

    Authors: Nicole Tegtmeyer, Tabita Denisia Ghete, Verena Schmitt, Torsten Remmerbach, Maria Celeste C. Cortes, Edgardo M. Bondoc, Hans-Ludwig Graf, Bernhard B. Singer, Christian Hirsch and Steffen Backert

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:25

    Content type: Research

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  19. This study utilized a chicken model of chronic physiological stress mediated by corticosterone (CORT) administration to ascertain how various host metrics are altered upon challenge with Clostridium perfringens. ...

    Authors: Sarah J. M. Zaytsoff, Sarah M. Lyons, Alexander M. Garner, Richard R. E. Uwiera, Wesley F. Zandberg, D. Wade Abbott and G. Douglas Inglis

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:24

    Content type: Research

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  20. Emerging evidence closely links Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection with the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Excess ROS results in apoptosis and exacerbates inflammatory reactions. The Keap1–Nrf2 axis...

    Authors: Zhenzi Bai, Xiaonan Zhao, Chenghua Li, Chuanlun Sheng and Hongyan Li

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:22

    Content type: Research

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  21. Arcobacter species, particularly A. butzleri, but also A. cryaerophilus constitute emerging pathogens causing gastroenteritis in humans. However, isolation of Arcobacter may often fail during routine diagnostic p...

    Authors: Vanessa Brückner, Ulrike Fiebiger, Ralf Ignatius, Johannes Friesen, Martin Eisenblätter, Marlies Höck, Thomas Alter, Stefan Bereswill, Greta Gölz and Markus M. Heimesaat

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:21

    Content type: Research

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  22. With the rise of bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics, re-purposing of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs currently used to treat non-bacteria related diseases as new leads for antib...

    Authors: Mohammad M. Rahman, Alexandra Tikhomirova, Joyanta K. Modak, Melanie L. Hutton, Claudiu T. Supuran and Anna Roujeinikova

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:20

    Content type: Short report

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  23. Rotavirus A (RVA) and adenovirus (Adv) are important causes of acute diarrhea in children. RVAs are classified into G and P genotypes based on viral proteins (VP)7 and VP4 gene and Adv contains over 70 genotyp...

    Authors: Wei Li, Wenqing Xiang, Cixiu Li, Jialu Xu, Dongming Zhou and Shiqiang Shang

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:19

    Content type: Short report

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  24. Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is one of the most common bacteria responsible for human gastroenteritis worldwide. The mode of human transmission is foodborne infections due to consumption of contaminated food,...

    Authors: Oralak Serichantalergs, Patcharawalai Wassanarungroj, Nuanpan Khemnu, Frédéric Poly, Patricia Guerry, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, John Crawford and Brett Swierczewski

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:18

    Content type: Research

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  25. Diarrhea remains a major public health problem for both civilian and military populations. This study describes the prevalence of acute diarrheal illness etiological agents, their antibiotic resistance distrib...

    Authors: Woradee Lurchachaiwong, Oralak Serichantalergs, Paphavee Lertsethtakarn, Nattaya Ruamsap, Apichai Srijan, Wirote Oransathid, Nuanpan Khemnu, Brian A. Vesely, Samandra T. Demons, Norman C. Waters, John M. Crawford and Brett E. Swierczewski

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:17

    Content type: Research

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  26. The major reservoir of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) is the gastrointestinal tract of colonized patients. Colonization is silent and may last for months, but the risk of infection by CPE in col...

    Authors: Juan Carlos Ramos-Ramos, Fernando Lázaro-Perona, José Ramón Arribas, Julio García-Rodríguez, Jesús Mingorance, Guillermo Ruiz-Carrascoso, Alberto M. Borobia, José Ramón Paño-Pardo, Rafael Herruzo and Francisco Arnalich

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:15

    Content type: Research

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  27. The rise of nature-based ecotourism in the past decade has introduced unprecedented challenges in managing the increasing interaction between humans and animals. The potential transmission of antibiotic resist...

    Authors: C. W. Chong, A. H. S. Alkatheeri, N. Ali, Z. H. Tay, Y. L. Lee, S. J. Paramasivam, K. Jeevaratnam, W. Y. Low and S. H. E. Lim

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:14

    Content type: Research

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  28. Campylobacter concisus is an emerging enteric pathogen that is associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Previous studies demonstrated that C. concisus is non-saccharolytic and hydrogen gas (H2) is a critical f...

    Authors: Melissa Yeow, Fang Liu, Rena Ma, Timothy J. Williams, Stephen M. Riordan and Li Zhang

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:13

    Content type: Research

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  29. Enterobacter cloacae complex (ECC) bacteria, such as E. cloacae, E. sichuanensis, E. kobei, and E. roggenkampii, have been emerging as nosocomial pathogens. Many strains isolated from medical clinics were found t...

    Authors: Akira Uchida, Hie Lim Kim, Rikky W. Purbojati, Vineeth Kodengil Vettath, Anjali B. Gupta, James N. I. Houghton, Caroline Chénard, Anthony Wong, Megan E. Clare, Kavita K. Kushwaha, Deepa Panicker, Alexander Putra, Cassie E. Heinle, Balakrishnan N. V. Premkrishnan, Ana Carolina M. Junqueira, Daniela I. Drautz-Moses…

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:12

    Content type: Genome Report

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  30. The human gut microbiome has an important role in health and disease. There is extensive geographical variation in the composition of the gut microbiome, however, little is known about the gut microbiome compo...

    Authors: Erica Plummer, Dieter Bulach, Glen Carter and M. John Albert

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:10

    Content type: Research

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  31. Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a spore-forming, Gram-positive rod that is known to be associated with antibiotic use. It is one of the leading causes of nosocomial diarrhea in the industrialized world an...

    Authors: Muhammad Shafiq, Hani Alturkmani, Yousaf Zafar, Vishal Mittal, Hafsa Lodhi, Waqas Ullah and Joseph Brewer

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:9

    Content type: Research

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  32. Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) has been assigned as an important food-borne pathogen for human health but many pathogenicity factors of C. jejuni and human host cell responses related to the infection have not ...

    Authors: De Xi, Thomas Alter, Ralf Einspanier, Soroush Sharbati and Greta Gölz

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:8

    Content type: Research

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  33. As more animal studies start to disentangle pathways linking the gut microbial ecosystem and neurobehavioral traits, human studies have grown rapidly. Many have since investigated the bidirectional communicati...

    Authors: Lucius Kang Hua Ho, Valerie Jia Wei Tong, Nicholas Syn, Niranjan Nagarajan, Elizabeth Huiwen Tham, Stacey K. Tay, Shefaly Shorey, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah and Evelyn Chung Ning Law

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:6

    Content type: Review

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  34. One of the most significant public health concerns in today’s world is the persistent upsurge of infections caused by multidrug resistant bacteria. As a result, clinicians are being forced to intervene with ei...

    Authors: Fatema-Tuz Johura, Jarin Tasnim, Indrajeet Barman, Sahitya Ranjan Biswas, Fatema Tuz Jubyda, Marzia Sultana, Christine Marie George, Andrew Camilli, Kimberley D. Seed, Niyaz Ahmed and Munirul Alam

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:5

    Content type: Research

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  35. Following the ban on antimicrobial usage for growth promotion in animal husbandry in the EU, non-antimicrobial agents including heavy metal ions (e.g. zinc and copper), prebiotics or probiotics have been sugge...

    Authors: Fereshteh Ghazisaeedi, L. Ciesinski, C. Bednorz, V. Johanns, L. Pieper, K. Tedin, L. H. Wieler and Sebastian Günther

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:4

    Content type: Research

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  36. Arcobacter constitute emerging food- and waterborne pathogens causing gastroenteritis in humans, but the underlying mechanisms are only incompletely understood. We therefore characterized Arcobacter isolates deri...

    Authors: Vanessa Brückner, Ulrike Fiebiger, Ralf Ignatius, Johannes Friesen, Martin Eisenblätter, Marlies Höck, Thomas Alter, Stefan Bereswill, Markus M. Heimesaat and Greta Gölz

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:3

    Content type: Research

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  37. The prevalence of human infections with the zoonotic pathogen Campylobacter jejuni is rising worldwide. Therefore, the identification of compounds with potent anti-pathogenic and anti-inflammatory properties for ...

    Authors: Soraya Mousavi, Anna-Maria Schmidt, Ulrike Escher, Sophie Kittler, Corinna Kehrenberg, Elisa Thunhorst, Stefan Bereswill and Markus M. Heimesaat

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:2

    Content type: Research

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  38. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is a debilitating group of chronic diseases including Crohn’s Disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), which causes inflammation of the gut and affects millions of people wor...

    Authors: Mohammad Tauqeer Alam, Gregory C. A. Amos, Andrew R. J. Murphy, Simon Murch, Elizabeth M. H. Wellington and Ramesh P. Arasaradnam

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2020 12:1

    Content type: Research

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  39. Campylobacter jejuni is a zoonotic pathogen that infects the human gut through the food chain mainly by consumption of undercooked chicken meat, raw chicken cross-contaminated ready-to-eat food or by raw milk. In...

    Authors: Lennard Epping, Julia C. Golz, Marie-Theres Knüver, Charlotte Huber, Andrea Thürmer, Lothar H. Wieler, Kerstin Stingl and Torsten Semmler

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:59

    Content type: Research

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  40. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection-reduced liver functions are associated with intestinal microbial community dissimilarity. This study aimed to investigate the microbial community dissimilarity in pati...

    Authors: Yong-Dong Deng, Xue-Bin Peng, Rong-Rong Zhao, Chao-Qun Ma, Jian-ning Li and Li-Qiong Yao

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:58

    Content type: Research

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  41. Following publication of the original article in Gut Pathogens [1], it was brought to our attention that Dr. Ross Ka Kit Leung’s affiliation was incomplete. Dr. Leung is appointed as an Adjunct Professor of Gu...

    Authors: Dachao Liang, Ross Ka‑Kit Leung, Wenda Guan and William W. Au

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:57

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Gut Pathogens 2018 10:3

  42. The true prevalence of tet(A), which codes for a tetracycline efflux pump, in thermophilic Camplyobacter spp. requires clarification after reports emerged in Iran (2014) and Kenya (2016) of the novel detection of...

    Authors: Caoimhe Lynch, Kayleigh Hawkins, Helen Lynch, John Egan, Declan Bolton, Aidan Coffey and Brigid Lucey

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:56

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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