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  1. Acute liver failure (ALF) patients are often accompanied by severe energy metabolism abnormalities and intestinal microecological imbalance. The intestinal mucosal barrier is severely damaged. Intestinal endot...

    Authors: Pan Cao, Qian Chen, Chunxia Shi, Luwen Wang and Zuojiong Gong
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:29
  2. In India, multi-drug resistance in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium poses a significant health threat. Indeed, S. Typhimurium has remained unknown for a large portion of its genome associated with various ...

    Authors: Nirmal Kumar Mohakud, Rakesh Kumar Panda, Saumya Darshana Patra, Bikash Ranjan Sahu, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Gajraj Singh Kushwaha, Namrata Misra and Mrutyunjay Suar
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:28
  3. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are extracellular reticular fibrillar structures composed of DNA, histones, granulins and cytoplasmic proteins that are delivered externally by neutrophils in response to ...

    Authors: Feng Chen, Yongqiang Liu, Yajing Shi, Jianmin Zhang, Xin Liu, Zhenzhen Liu, Jipeng Lv and Yufang Leng
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:27
  4. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic gut immune dysregulation and dysbiosis condition is rapidly increasing in global incidence. Regardless, there is a lack of ideal diagnostic markers, while convention...

    Authors: Xinwei Xu, Dickson Kofi Wiredu Ocansey, Sanhua Hang, Bo Wang, Samuel Amoah, Chengxue Yi, Xu Zhang, Lianqin Liu and Fei Mao
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:26
  5. Composition of gut microbiota has recently been suggested as a key factor persuading the pathogenesis of numerous human diseases including hepatic cirrhosis.

    Authors: Zeinab Ashour, Rasha Shahin, Zeinab Ali-Eldin, Mohamed El-Shayeb, Tarek El-Tayeb and Salwa Bakr
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:25
  6. Helicobacter pylori eradication by the conventional clarithromycin therapy has largely dropped in the recent years possibly due to antimicrobial resistance. Hence, levofloxacin-based regimen has been used as salv...

    Authors: Eman T. Azab, Abrar K. Thabit, Sean McKee and Aymen Al-Qiraiqiri
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:24
  7. Cronobacter sakazakii is a foodborne pathogen that causes septicemia, meningitis, and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates and infants. The current research details the full genome sequences of two extremely per...

    Authors: Flavia J. Negrete, Katie Ko, Hyein Jang, Maria Hoffmann, Angelika Lehner, Roger Stephan, Séamus Fanning, Ben D. Tall and Gopal R. Gopinath
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:23
  8. Clostridioides difficile (C. difficile) is a gram-positive, spore-forming, anaerobic bacterium known to be the most common cause of hospital-acquired and antibiotic-associated diarrhea. C. difficile infection rat...

    Authors: Charlotte Nyblade, Viviana Parreno, Peng Zhou, Casey Hensley, Vanessa Oakes, Hassan M. Mahsoub, Kelsey Kiley, Maggie Frazier, Annie Frazier, Yongrong Zhang, Hanping Feng and Lijuan Yuan
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:22
  9. Enterococcus faecium is an emerging ESKAPE bacterium that is capable of causing severe public health complications in humans. There are currently no licensed treatments or vaccinations to combat the deadly pathog...

    Authors: Jyotirmayee Dey, Soumya Ranjan Mahapatra, T. Kiran Raj, Taranjeet Kaur, Parul Jain, Arushi Tiwari, Shubhransu Patro, Namrata Misra and Mrutyunjay Suar
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:21
  10. Intestinal microbiota transplantation (IMT) has been recognized as an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI) and a novel treatment option for other diseases. However, the safety ...

    Authors: Chong Chen, Liyu Chen, Dayong Sun, Cailan Li, Shiheng Xi, Shihua Ding, Rongrong Luo, Yan Geng and Yang Bai
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:20
  11. Over the past decade, the development of next-generation sequencing for human microbiota has led to remarkable discoveries. The characterization of gastric microbiota has enabled the examination of genera asso...

    Authors: Langgeng Agung Waskito, Yudith Annisa Ayu Rezkitha, Ratha-korn Vilaichone, Titong Sugihartono, Syifa Mustika, I Dewa Nyoman Wibawa, Yoshio Yamaoka and Muhammad Miftahussurur
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:19
  12. Klebsiella quasipneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen causing antibiotic-resistant infections of the gastrointestinal tract in many clinical cases. Orally delivered bioactive Klebsiella-specific antimicrobial p...

    Authors: Indre Karaliute, Rima Ramonaite, Jurga Bernatoniene, Vilma Petrikaite, Audrius Misiunas, Erna Denkovskiene, Ausra Razanskiene, Yuri Gleba, Juozas Kupcinskas and Jurgita Skieceviciene
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:17
  13. There is emerging evidence that the gut microbiome composition is associated with several human health outcomes, which include cognitive performance. However, only a few prospective epidemiological studies exi...

    Authors: Kolade Oluwagbemigun, Maike E. Schnermann, Matthias Schmid, John F. Cryan and Ute Nöthlings
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:15
  14. Shanghai, in east China, has one of the world’s highest burdens of Helicobacter pylori infection. While multidrug regimens can effectively eradicate H. pylori, the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance (...

    Authors: Yixin Liu, Su Wang, Feng Yang, Wenjing Chi, Li Ding, Tao Liu, Feng Zhu, Danian Ji, Jun Zhou, Yi Fang, Jinghao Zhang, Ping Xiang, Yanmei Zhang and Hu Zhao
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:14
  15. The chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), especially cytotoxin-associated gene A-positive (CagA+) strains, has been associated with various extragastric disorders. Evaluating the potential impac...

    Authors: Yinjie Guo, Canxia Xu, Renjie Gong, Tingzi Hu, Xue Zhang, Xiaoran Xie, Jingshu Chi, Huan Li, Xiujuan Xia and Xiaoming Liu
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:13
  16. There have been reports of patients suffering from typhoid fever, particularly those involving infants and immunocompromised patients, which at times present with Salmonella induced brain infection. Although rare...

    Authors: Amrita Kaur, Indu Pal Kaur, Kanwaljit Chopra and Praveen Rishi
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:11
  17. Shigellosis is a self-limiting disease that antibiotic therapy could decrease its complications and duration. However, sublethal levels of antibiotics, may lead to alteration in disease state, besides its role...

    Authors: Mehrzad Sadredinamin, Mahdi Shabani, Abdollah Karimi, Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi, Mohammadmahdi Karimi-Yazdi, Zohreh Ghalavand and Masoud Alebouyeh
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:10
  18. Liver cirrhosis is a major public health problem, accounting for high rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The cirrhosis etiology is a broad and essential step in planning a treatment strategy. Many rec...

    Authors: Mohadeseh Naseri, Fahimeh Palizban, Abbas Yadegar, Mohsen Khodarahmi, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Hamidreza Houri and Javad Zahiri
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:9
  19. Obesity is associated with increased risk for death in most infections but has not been studied as a risk factor for mortality in Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). This study tested obesity as a risk fact...

    Authors: Alyyah Malick, Ying Wang, Jordan Axelrad, Hojjat Salmasian and Daniel Freedberg
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:7
  20. Salmonella Derby is one of the most predominant Salmonella serotypes that seriously threatens food safety. This bacterium can be further differentiated to sub-populations with different population sizes; however,...

    Authors: Xiaohui Yuan, Han Xue, Xiaomeng Xu, Xinan Jiao, Zhiming Pan and Yunzeng Zhang
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:6
  21. Mass drug administration (MDA) with azithromycin is the primary strategy for global trachoma control efforts. Numerous studies have reported secondary effects of MDA with azithromycin, including reductions in ...

    Authors: Harry Pickering, John D. Hart, Sarah Burr, Richard Stabler, Ken Maleta, Khumbo Kalua, Robin L. Bailey and Martin J. Holland
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:5
  22. The anaerobic, gastrointestinal pathogen Clostridioides difficile can cause severe forms of enterocolitis which is mainly mediated by the toxins it produces. The RNA polymerase inhibitor Fidaxomicin is the curren...

    Authors: Madita Brauer, Jennifer Herrmann, Daniela Zühlke, Rolf Müller, Katharina Riedel and Susanne Sievers
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:4
  23. Enterococcus cecorum (EC) is one of the main reasons for skeletal disease in meat type chickens. Intervention strategies are still rare and focus mainly on early antibiotic treatment of the disease, although ther...

    Authors: Jana Schreier, Daniela Karasova, Magdalena Crhanova, Ivan Rychlik, Silke Rautenschlein and Arne Jung
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:3
  24. Colon surgery has been shown to modulate the intestinal microbiota. Our objective was to characterize these changes using state-of-the-art next generation sequencing techniques.

    Authors: Mohamed Abbas, Nadia Gaïa, Nicolas C. Buchs, Vaihere Delaune, Myriam Girard, Diego O. Andrey, Jeremy Meyer, Jacques Schrenzel, Frédéric Ris, Stephan Harbarth and Vladimir Lazarevic
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:2
  25. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Schwarzengrund (S. Schwarzengrund) is most frequently isolated from commensals humans or poultry. Here we report S. Schwarzengrund strain S16, the first sequenced genom...

    Authors: Seung-Min Yang, Eiseul Kim, Woojung Lee and Hae-Yeong Kim
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2022 14:1
  26. Human noroviruses are the leading cause of sporadic cases and outbreaks of viral acute gastroenteritis in all age groups worldwide.

    Authors: Weihong Li, Hanqiu Yan, Baiwei Liu, Yi Tian, Yanwei Chen, Lei Jia, Zhiyong Gao and Quanyi Wang
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:77
  27. Members of the genus Arcobacter are considered as emerging zoonotic food and waterborne pathogens that cause gastroenteritis and bacteremia in humans. However, the potential risk that Arcobacter species pose to p...

    Authors: Dainius Uljanovas, Greta Gölz, Vanessa Brückner, Audrone Grineviciene, Egle Tamuleviciene, Thomas Alter and Mindaugas Malakauskas
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:76
  28. New technologies like next-generation sequencing have led to a proliferation of studies investigating the role of the gut microbiome in human health, particularly population-based studies that rely upon partic...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Holzhausen, Maria Nikodemova, Courtney L. Deblois, Jodi H. Barnet, Paul E. Peppard, Garret Suen and Kristen M. Malecki
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:75
  29. Gut microbiota is closely associated with host health and disease occurrence. Host genetic factor plays an important role in shaping gut microbial communities. The specific mechanism of host-regulated gene exp...

    Authors: Chuyu Pan, Yujie Ning, Yumeng Jia, Shiqiang Cheng, Yan Wen, Xuena Yang, Peilin Meng, Chun’e Li, Huijie Zhang, Yujing Chen, Jingxi Zhang, Zhen Zhang and Feng Zhang
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:74
  30. There are several studies which evaluated the number of infections caused by enteric pathogens, including Clostridioides difficile in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our aim was to assess the prev...

    Authors: Jolanta Gruszecka and Rafał Filip
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:73
  31. Campylobacter is a genus of bacteria that has been isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals, and the environments they inhabit around the world. Campylobacter adapt to new environments by ch...

    Authors: Samuel J. Bloomfield, Anne C. Midwinter, Patrick J. Biggs, Nigel P. French, Jonathan C. Marshall, David T. S. Hayman, Philip E. Carter, Alison E. Mather, Ahmed Fayaz, Craig Thornley, David J. Kelly and Jackie Benschop
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:72
  32. Enterococcus raffinosus is one of the Enterococcus species that often cause nosocomial infections. To date, only one E. raffinosus genome has been completely assembled, and the genomic features have not been cha...

    Authors: Hailan Zhao, Yao Peng, Xunchao Cai, Yongjian Zhou, Youlian Zhou, Hongli Huang, Long Xu and Yuqiang Nie
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:71
  33. COVID-19 pandemic is sweeping across the world. Previous studies have shown that gut microbiota is associated with COVID-19, and operational taxonomic unit (OTU) composed of Blautia genus, Lactobacillus genus,...

    Authors: Changjing Cai, Xiangyang Zhang, Yihan Liu, Edward Shen, Ziyang Feng, Cao Guo, Ying Han, Yanhong Ouyang and Hong Shen
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:70
  34. The increase of inflammation-inducing enterobacteria was recently observed in severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71). This study aimed to verify the occurrence of bacterial...

    Authors: Yuya Wang, Kena Dan, Xiaoling Xue, Xiongbo Yang, Xujiao Feng, Qingqing Yang, Jing Yang and Bangtao Chen
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:69
  35. Poultry necrotic enteritis (NE) is an economically important disease caused by C. perfringens. The disease causing ability of this bacterium is linked with the production of a wide variety of toxins. Among them, ...

    Authors: Mudassar Mohiuddin, Weikang Yuan, Zhongfeng Song, Shenquan Liao, Nanshan Qi, Juan Li, Minna Lv, Caiyan Wu, Xuhui Lin, Junjing Hu, Haiming Cai and Mingfei Sun
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:68
  36. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is associated with a reduced risk of developing dyslipidemia and non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases. Given that the gut microbiota plays a significant role in cholesterol meta...

    Authors: Eun-Jeong Joo, Hae Suk Cheong, Min-Jung Kwon, Won Sohn, Han-Na Kim and Yong Kyun Cho
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:65
  37. The liver plays an important role in production and metabolism of homocysteine (Hcy), which has been reported to be involved in liver injury. In our previous work, we confirm that Hcy can induce liver injury b...

    Authors: Kun Xiao, Shengchao Ma, Long Xu, Ning Ding, Hui Zhang, Lin Xie, Lingbo Xu, Yun Jiao, Huiping Zhang and Yideng Jiang
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:63
  38. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) has a tropism for the gastrointestinal tract and several studies have shown an alteration of the gut microbiota in hospitalized infected patient...

    Authors: Flavio De Maio, Gianluca Ianiro, Gaetano Coppola, Francesco Santopaolo, Valeria Abbate, Delia Mercedes Bianco, Fabio Del Zompo, Giuseppe De Matteis, Massimo Leo, Antonio Nesci, Alberto Nicoletti, Maurizio Pompili, Giovanni Cammarota, Brunella Posteraro, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Antonio Gasbarrini…
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:62
  39. Gas-producing perianal abscess raises the possibility of clostridial infection, with Clostridium perfringens being the most common causative agent, which is highly lethal if untreated timely. As the treatment of ...

    Authors: Yang Sun, Haotian Bai, Ji Qu, Jichao Liu, Jincheng Wang, Zhenwu Du and Linlin Feng
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:61
  40. Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication has been used for many years. Yet, the impact of this eradication on the normal gastric microflora is not well understood. In this study, we explored the effect of eradication...

    Authors: Li-Qi Mao, Yan-Lin Zhou, Shuang-Shuang Wang, Lin Chen, Yue Hu, Lei-Min Yu, Jing-Ming Xu and Bin Lyu
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:60
  41. Through an arsenal of microbial enzymes, the gut microbiota considerably contributes to human metabolic processes, affecting nutrients, drugs, and environmental poisons. Azoreductases are a predominant group o...

    Authors: Sara A. Zahran, Marwa Ali-Tammam, Amal E. Ali and Ramy K. Aziz
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:58
  42. Recently, the role of endogenous microbiota and the genotype-microbiota correlation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathogenesis have been highlighted. However, fungi, as the second most prevalent resident...

    Authors: Niusha Sharifinejad, Seyed Hamidreza Mozhgani, Mahmood Bakhtiyari and Elaheh Mahmoudi
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2021 13:56