Effect of L. lactis NCDO 2118 on cytokine production by colonic cells. Colonic IL-6 (A), IL-12 (B), IFN-γ (C), IL-17 (D), TGF-β (E), IL-10 (F) and TNF-α (G) were measured by ELISA in mice from control, DSS and DSS + NCDO2118 groups. One representative result from two independent repetitions is shown. Bars represent the mean ± MSE of 5 mice per group. *, p < 0.05, **, p < 0.01, ***, p < 0.001.