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Table 1 Unique common characteristics of endospore-formers related to the presence of highly resistant spores

From: Introducing the sporobiota and sporobiome

Specifically influenced by natural selection
Have an individual arrangement for fitness costs of antibiotic resistance
Resistant to various physico-chemical treatments, including antibiotics
Have strong binding properties
Highly transmissible
Implicated in the spread of antibiotic resistance
Spores trigger host immune responses with detrimental effects
Infections caused by sporeforming bacteria share similar characteristics: persistence, chronicity, relapses