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Table 4 Odds ratios (OR) for sarcopenia and its components in normal, H. pylori (+), and CagA (+) groups categorized by gender

From: Detrimental relevance of Helicobacter pylori infection with sarcopenia

  Male (n = 1765) Female (n = 1688)
Normal (n = 1455) H. pylori (+) (n = 233) CagA (+) (n = 77) Normal (n = 1350) H. pylori (+) (n = 281) CagA (+) (n = 57)
Sarcopenia
 Model 1       
  OR Ref 2.132 (1.441, 3.153) 1.801 (1.171, 2.770) Ref 2.127 (1.508, 3.002) 1.678 (1.143, 2.463)
  P value Ref < 0.001 0.007 Ref  < 0.001 0.008
 Model 2       
  OR Ref 2.085 (1.408, 3.087) 1.745 (1.130, 2.695) Ref 2.119 (1.501, 2.992) 1.652 (1.124, 2.430)
  P value Ref < 0.001 0.012 Ref < 0.001 0.011
 Model 3       
  OR Ref 2.161 (1.456,3.208) 1.776 (1.148,2.748) Ref 2.155 (1.525,3.047) 1.679 (1.141,2.470)
  P value Ref < 0.001 0.010 Ref < 0.001 0.009
 Model 4       
  OR Ref 2.164 (1.457, 3.214) 1.782 (1.151, 2.759) Ref 2.137 (1.509, 3.026) 1.650 (1.118, 2.436)
  P value Ref < 0.001 0.010 Ref < 0.001 0.012
Low gait speed (< 0.8 m/s)
 Model 1       
  OR Ref 1.137 (0.843, 1.534) 0.923 (0.571, 1.493) Ref 1.291 (0.991, 1.682) 1.597 (0.909, 2.807)
  P value Ref 0.400 0.744 Ref 0.058 0.103
 Model 2       
  OR Ref 1.197 (0.877, 1.633) 0.794 (0.482, 1.308) Ref 1.301 (0.990, .710) 1.509 (0.847, 2.690)
  P value Ref 0.256 0.365 Ref 0.059 0.163
 Model 3       
  OR Ref 1.288 (0.940, 1.765) 0.794 (0.480, 1.313) Ref 1.335 (1.014, 1.757) 1.552 (0.838, 2.773)
  P value Ref 0.115 0.368 Ref 0.039 0.138
 Model 4       
  OR Ref 1.287 (0.938, 1.765) 0.800 (0.483, 1.326) Ref 1.336 (1.014, 1.759) 1.558 (0.872, 2.783)
  P value Ref 0.118 0.388 Ref 0.039 0.135
Low muscle strength (difficulty lifting 10 pounds)
 Model 1       
  OR Ref 1.246 (0.761, 2.042) 0.787 (0.308, 2.012) Ref 1.373 (0.867, 2.174) 1.264 (0.519, 3.080)
  P value Ref 0.382 0.617 Ref 0.176 0.606
 Model 2       
  OR Ref 1.241 (0.757, 2.034) 0.796 (0.311, 2.039) Ref 1.382 (0.872, 2.191) 1.240 (0.506, 3.038)
  P value Ref 0.392 0.635 Ref 0.169 0.638
 Model 3       
  OR Ref 1.250 (0.761, 2.051) 0.782 (0.304, 2.013) Ref 1.385 (0.872, 2.201) 1.227 (0.500, 3.009)
  P value Ref 0.378 0.610 Ref 0.167 0.655
 Model 4       
  OR Ref 1.279 (0.776, 2.108) 0.791 (0.306, 2.044) Ref 1.344 (0.844, 2.140) 1.153 (0.467, 2.850)
  P value Ref 0.334 0.629 Ref 0.213 0.757
  1. Model 1 = unadjusted
  2. Model 2 = Adjusted for age, race
  3. Model 3 = Adjusted for age, race, BMI, serum C-reactive protein, serum glucose
  4. Model 4 = Adjusted for age, race, BMI, serum C-reactive protein, serum glucose, smoking, arthritis, asthma, diabetes mellitus