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Table 4 H. pylori infection and other risk factor status according to high-risk diseases for GC

From: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and other risk factors among Mongolian dyspeptic patients who have a high incidence and mortality rate of gastric cancer

Parameters Erosive GERD Atrophy Intestinal metaplasia
p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI)
Univariate
 H. pylori (yes) 0.0001 0.4 (0.2–0.6) 0.0001 4.6 (3.1–6.7) 0.6 0.9 (0.5–1.4)
 Age group (> 40) 0.002 2.3 (1.4–4.8) 0.9 1.0 (0.7–1.4) 0.0001 3.4 (2.2–5.2)
 Gender (male) 0.0001 3.5 (2.1–5.9) 0.4 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 0.04 1.5 (1.0–2.1)
 Salt (yes) 0.01 1.9 (1.1–3.3) 0.1 0.6 (0.4–0.8) 0.06 1.4 (1.0–2.0)
 Smoke (yes) 0.02 2.0 (1.1–3.6) 0.6 1.1 (0.7–1.6) 0.1 1.4 (0.9–2.2)
 Alcohol (yes) 0.5 1.2 (0.7–2.0) 0.6 1.0 (0.7–1.5) 0.1 1.3 (0.9–2.0)
Multivariate
 H. pylori (yes) 0.004 0.4 (0.2–0.7) 0.0001 5.1 (3.5–7.7)
 Age group (> 40) 0.002 2.9 (1.4–5.6) 0.0001 3.8 (2.4–5.9)
 Gender (male) 0.0001 3.3 (1.9–5.8)
 Salt (yes) 0.007 2.1 (1.2–3.7) 0.04 1.5 (1.0–2.2)
 Smoke (yes)
 Alcohol (yes)
  1. OR (95% CI) odds ratio (95% confidence interval)