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  1. Content type: Correction

    The article published in 2013 [1] described the use of the available Brachyspira multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme [2] to characterize the population structure of the intestinal spirochete Brachyspira pilo...

    Authors: Eugene Neo, Tom La, Nyree Dale Phillips, Mohammad Yousef Alikani and David J. Hampson

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:50

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    The original article was published in Gut Pathogens 2013 5:24

  2. Content type: Review

    Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the second most common autoimmune disease among children. There is evidence suggesting that dysbiosis of some gut colonizing bacteria are associated with the pathogenesis of T1D. Howev...

    Authors: Parnian Jamshidi, Saba Hasanzadeh, Azin Tahvildari, Yeganeh Farsi, Mahta Arbabi, João Felipe Mota, Leonardo A. Sechi and Mohammad Javad Nasiri

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:49

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  3. Content type: Genome Report

    The Salmonella enterica subsp. diarizonae serovar 61:k:1,5,(7) (SASd) has been found to be host-adapted to sheep, with a high prevalence in sheep herds worldwide. Infections are usually sub-clinical, however the ...

    Authors: Laura Uelze, Maria Borowiak, Carlus Deneke, Cécile Jacobs, István Szabó, Simon H. Tausch and Burkhard Malorny

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:48

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  4. Content type: Research

    Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) is an important cause of diarrheal diseases in both developing countries and industrialized countries. An outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in young children fro...

    Authors: Oana Falup-Pecurariu, Raluca Ileana Lixandru, Emanuela Cojocaru, Katalin Csutak, Vlad Monescu, Khitam Muhsen, Cristian Falup-Pecurariu and Daniel Cohen

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:46

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  5. Content type: Research

    Helicobacter pylori is a pathogenic bacterium that causes various gastrointestinal diseases in the human stomach. H. pylori is well adapted to the human stomach but does not easily infect other animals. As a mode...

    Authors: Rumiko Suzuki, Kazuhito Satou, Akino Shiroma, Makiko Shimoji, Kuniko Teruya, Takashi Matsumoto, Junko Akada, Takashi Hirano and Yoshio Yamaoka

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:45

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a constant threat for hospitalized patients, and elderly patients are particularly susceptible to BSI caused by anaerobic bacteria. Changes in the gut microbiota composition may ...

    Authors: Patrizia Posteraro, Flavio De Maio, Giulia Menchinelli, Ivana Palucci, Federica Maria Errico, Mariantonietta Carbone, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Antonio Gasbarrini and Brunella Posteraro

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:44

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  7. Content type: Short report

    As the associations between the gut microbiota and numerous health outcomes become more evident, it is important to conduct longitudinal microbiome research to advance the field beyond the identification of as...

    Authors: Tiffany L. Carson, Rebecca B. Little and Sh’Nese Townsend

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:43

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  8. Content type: Research

    Campylobacter colonise the gastrointestinal tract of warm-blooded animals and are major enteropathogens in humans. C. coli is less common than C. jejuni and accounts for about 10% of the total number of Campyloba...

    Authors: Cecilia Johansson, Anna Nilsson, René Kaden and Hilpi Rautelin

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:42

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  9. Content type: Research

    Majority of enteric infections are foodborne and antimicrobials including antibiotics have been used for their control and treatment. However, probiotics or prebiotics or their combination offer a potential al...

    Authors: Zajeba Tabashsum, Mengfei Peng, Cassendra Bernhardt, Puja Patel, Michael Carrion and Debabrata Biswas

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:41

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  10. Content type: Research

    Penaeus monodon is the second most widely cultured marine shrimp species in the global shrimp aquaculture industry. However, the growth of P. monodon production has been constantly impaired by disease outbreaks. ...

    Authors: Tze Chiew Christie Soo, Sridevi Devadas, Mohamed Shariff Mohamed Din and Subha Bhassu

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:39

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  11. Content type: Research

    Hemolysis of bacteria is an important phenotype used for typing and characterizing strains with specific biomarkers and even a virulence factor in bacterial pathogenesis. In Vibrio cholerae, hemolysin HlyA is res...

    Authors: Yufeng Fan, Zhenpeng Li, Zhe Li, Xu Li, Huihui Sun, Jie Li, Xin Lu, Weili Liang and Biao Kan

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:38

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  12. Content type: Research

    Group A rotaviruses are the major causative agents of pediatric gastroenteritis worldwide. Several studies have reported the predominance of G4P[6] rotavirus genotypes in Korean neonates, which is uncommon in ...

    Authors: Su-Kyung Lee, Seoheui Choi, Jae-Seok Kim, Eun Jin Lee, Jungwon Hyun and Hyun Soo Kim

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:37

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  13. Content type: Research

    Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a causative agent of Johne’s disease in all ruminants worldwide. Economic problems in dairy cattle and sheep industries, public health concern, persistence of ...

    Authors: Vida Eraghi, Abdollah Derakhshandeh, Arsalan Hosseini, Masoud Haghkhah, Leonardo A. Sechi and Azar Motamedi Boroojeni

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:36

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  14. Content type: Research

    We previously demonstrated that the serA gene is associated with bacterial pathogenicity, including bacterial penetration through the Caco-2 cell monolayers, bacterial motility, bacterial adherence, and fly morta...

    Authors: Jun Okuda, Syouya Nagata, Masashi Yasuda and Chigusa Suezawa

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:35

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  15. Content type: Research

    A whole exome sequencing study was performed on an extended family including a patient with Crohn’s disease (CD) and a patient with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). The patient with CD and the patient wi...

    Authors: J. Todd Kuenstner, Maher Kali and Christine Welch

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:34

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  16. Content type: Research

    Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis (campylobacteriosis) in humans worldwide, and the most frequent pathogen associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and Miller-Fisher synd...

    Authors: Krzysztof Fiedoruk, Tamara Daniluk, Dorota Rozkiewicz, Elzbieta Oldak, Suhanya Prasad and Izabela Swiecicka

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:32

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  17. Content type: Research

    Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative colitis (UC) are the two main entities of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Previous works have identified more than 200 risk factors (including loci and signaling pathways)...

    Authors: Maria Gazouli, Nikolas Dovrolis, Andre Franke, George M. Spyrou, Leonardo A. Sechi and George Kolios

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:31

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  18. Content type: Research

    Shigella has evolved as a result of acquiring extragenetic material through horizontal gene exchange. These aid in the rapid emergence of bacterial inter-strain diversity in virulence factors and serotype variant...

    Authors: Ankita Das and Jharna Mandal

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:33

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  19. Content type: Research

    Internalins are surface proteins that are utilized by Listeria monocytogenes to facilitate its invasion into human intestinal epithelial cells. The expression of a full-length InlA is one of essential virulence f...

    Authors: Xudong Su, Guojie Cao, Jianmin Zhang, Haijian Pan, Daofeng Zhang, Dai Kuang, Xiaowei Yang, Xuebin Xu, Xianming Shi and Jianghong Meng

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:30

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  20. Content type: Research

    The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection was never assessed in Armenia, nor was the prevalence of H. pylori resistance against the main antibiotics concerned, despite the fact that these data are fundament...

    Authors: Manik Gemilyan, Gagik Hakobyan, Lucie Benejat, Bujana Allushi, Davit Melik-Nubaryan, Harutyun Mangoyan, Amandine Laur, Emilie Daguerre, Eduard Grigoryan and Francis Megraud

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:28

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  21. Content type: Short report

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of toxigenic C. difficile and C. perfringens infections at health care facility-onset (HCFO) and community-onset (CO), in two health care centers (HCC) in Bogot...

    Authors: Alex J. Forero, Marina Muñoz, Milena Camargo, Sara C. Soto-De León, Dora I. Ríos-Chaparro, Claudia Birchenall, Darío Pinilla, Juan M. Pardo, Diego F. Josa, Manuel A. Patarroyo and Juan D. Ramírez

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:27

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  22. Content type: Research

    Human norovirus (HuNoV) is the major cause of viral acute gastroenteritis for all age groups in various countries. HuNoV GII in particular accounted for the majority of norovirus outbreaks, among which GII.4 c...

    Authors: Takumi Motoya, Masahiro Umezawa, Aoi Saito, Keiko Goto, Ikuko Doi, Setsuko Fukaya, Noriko Nagata, Yoshiaki Ikeda, Kaori Okayama, Jumpei Aso, Yuki Matsushima, Taisei Ishioka, Akihide Ryo, Nobuya Sasaki, Kazuhiko Katayama and Hirokazu Kimura

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:26

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  23. Content type: Genome Report

    Multidrug resistance is a growing global public health threat with far more serious consequences than generally anticipated. In this study, we investigated the antibiotic resistance and genomic traits of a cli...

    Authors: Xuelin Zhang, Saisong Xiao, Xuege Jiang, Yun Li, Zhongyi Fan, Yi Yu, Peng Wang, Diangeng Li, Xian Zhao and Changting Liu

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:25

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  24. Content type: Research

    The colibactin and cytotoxic necrotizing factor 1 (Cnf 1) are toxins with cell cycle modulating effects that contribute to tumorgenesis and hyperproliferation. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence an...

    Authors: Radwa N. Morgan, Sarra E. Saleh, Hala A. Farrag and Mohammad M. Aboulwafa

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:22

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  25. Content type: Research

    Campylobacter jejuni infections constitute serious threats to human health with increasing prevalences worldwide. Our knowledge regarding the molecular mechanisms underlying host–pathogen interactions is still li...

    Authors: Anna-Maria Schmidt, Ulrike Escher, Soraya Mousavi, Nicole Tegtmeyer, Manja Boehm, Steffen Backert, Stefan Bereswill and Markus M. Heimesaat

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:24

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  26. Content type: Research

    Recently, intestinal microbiome has been involved in hepatic diseases due to the immunologic and metabolic communication between liver and intestine. Initiation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) frequently att...

    Authors: Xiao Han, Tianren Huang and Junqing Han

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:23

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  27. Content type: Research

    Due to increased prevalence of H. pylori antimicrobial resistance worldwide and more importantly the resistance patterns vary between different geographical regions, it is important to survey local H. pylori anti...

    Authors: Vignesh Shetty, Binit Lamichhane, Chin Yen Tay, Ganesh C. Pai, Ramachandra Lingadakai, Girisha Balaraju, Shiran Shetty, Mamatha Ballal and Eng Guan Chua

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:21

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  28. Content type: Research

    Gut microbiota affects lipid metabolism interactively with diet. Equol, a metabolite of isoflavones produced by gut bacteria, may contribute substantially in beneficial lipid-lowering effects. This study aimed...

    Authors: Wei Zheng, Yue Ma, Ai Zhao, Tingchao He, Na Lyu, Ziqi Pan, Geqi Mao, Yan Liu, Jing Li, Peiyu Wang, Jun Wang, Baoli Zhu and Yumei Zhang

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:20

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  29. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Campylobacter is the most common cause of traveler’s diarrhea (TD) and human bacterial gastroenteritis. A heteroresistant Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) isolate, identified by microbiological methods and charac...

    Authors: Woradee Lurchachaiwong, Supaporn Ruksasiri, Patcharawalai Wassanarungroj, Oralak Serichantalergs, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, John Crawford, Sanjaya Kumar Shrestha and Prativa Pandey

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:19

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  30. Content type: Research

    Chemotherapy induced diarrhea (CID) is a common side effect in patients receiving chemotherapy for cancer. The aim of our study was to explore the association between gut microorganisms and CID from the CapeOX...

    Authors: Zuo Fei, Yin Lijuan, Yang Xi, Wu Wei, Zhong Jing, Da Miao and Han Shuwen

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:18

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  31. Content type: Research

    Surveillance of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in patients with underlying diseases is important because use of prophylactic antibiotics makes them prone to CDI. Epidemiology of CDI in this high-risk popul...

    Authors: Chetana Vaishnavi, Pramod K. Gupta, Megha Sharma and Rakesh Kochhar

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:17

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  32. Content type: Research

    The serious human pathogen, E. coli serotype O157:H7, continues to gain antibiotic resistance, posing a public health threat. While this serotype’s genome has been sequenced, the role of 25% of its genes remains ...

    Authors: Salma H. Hussein, Reham Samir, Ramy K. Aziz and Mohamed A. Toama

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:15

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  33. Content type: Research

    Metagenomic methods have been widely applied to study the relationship between gut microbiota and human health. To test whether metagenomic amplicon sequencing could be an effective method to diagnose and trac...

    Authors: Haiyan Liu, Mingzhang Guo, Yuanchunzi Jiang, Yanhua Cao, Qingzeng Qian, Xiaoyun He, Kunlun Huang, Jianwei Zhang and Wentao Xu

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:12

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  34. Content type: Research

    Cryptosporidium is an important gut microbe whose contributions towards infant and immunocompromise patient mortality rates are steadily increasing. Over the last decade, we have seen the development of various t...

    Authors: Christopher N. Miller, Charalampos G. Panagos, William R. T. Mosedale, Martin Kváč, Mark J. Howard and Anastasios D. Tsaousis

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:13

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  35. Content type: Research

    In Asia, serotype K1/K2 Klebsiella pneumoniae are the major capsular serotypes that cause liver abscess or bacteremia in patients. The purpose of this study was to compare novel immunochromatographic strips (ICSs...

    Authors: Ching-Hsun Wang, Po-Liang Lu, Esther Yip-Mei Liu, Yih-Yuan Chen, Fu-Mei Lin, Yi-Tsung Lin, Feng-Yee Chang and Jung-Chung Lin

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:11

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  36. Content type: Review

    Extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) are facultative pathogens that are part of the normal human intestinal flora. The ExPEC group includes uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC), neonatal meningitis E. coli (NMEC), ...

    Authors: Jolanta Sarowska, Bozena Futoma-Koloch, Agnieszka Jama-Kmiecik, Magdalena Frej-Madrzak, Marta Ksiazczyk, Gabriela Bugla-Ploskonska and Irena Choroszy-Krol

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:10

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  37. Content type: Genome Report

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a common cause of bacterial infection that leads to diarrhea. Although some studies have proposed a potential association between the toxic profile and genetic backgroun...

    Authors: Si-yun Chung, Taesoo Kwon, Young-Seok Bak, Joung Je Park, Cheorl-Ho Kim, Seung-Hak Cho and Won Kim

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:9

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  38. Content type: Research

    The relationship between disturbances of the gut microbiota and 1,25(OH)2D3 deficiency has been established both in humans and animal models with a vitamin D poor diet or a lack of sun exposure. Our prior study h...

    Authors: Wenjing Zhu, Jiayao Yan, Chunchun Zhi, Qianwen Zhou and Xiaoqin Yuan

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:8

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  39. Content type: Genome Report

    Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative bacterium which mainly causes peptic ulcer disease in human, but is also the predominant cause of stomach cancer. It has been coevolving with human since 120,000 years and, ...

    Authors: Binit Lamichhane, Eng-Guan Chua, Michael J. Wise, Connor Laming, Barry J. Marshall and Chin-Yen Tay

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:7

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  40. Content type: Research

    Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative bacterium that colonizes the gastric mucosa in humans. One of the main virulence factors of H. pylori is the cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI), which encodes a type 4-secret...

    Authors: Adolfo Román-Román, Verónica I. Martínez-Santos, Carlos A. Castañón-Sánchez, Alan J. Albañil-Muñoz, Paola González-Mendoza, Diana G. Soto-Flores, Dinorah N. Martínez-Carrillo and Gloria Fernández-Tilapa

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:5

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  41. Content type: Research

    Campylobacter jejuni secretes HtrA (high temperature requirement protein A), a serine protease that is involved in virulence. Here, we investigated the interaction of HtrA with the host protein occludin, a tight ...

    Authors: Aileen Harrer, Roland Bücker, Manja Boehm, Urszula Zarzecka, Nicole Tegtmeyer, Heinrich Sticht, Jörg D. Schulzke and Steffen Backert

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:4

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  42. Content type: Genome Report

    Enterobacter hormaechei is an important emerging pathogen and a key member of the highly diverse Enterobacter cloacae complex. E. hormaechei strains can persist and spread in nosocomial environments, and often ex...

    Authors: Leigh G. Monahan, Matthew Z. DeMaere, Max L. Cummins, Steven P. Djordjevic, Piklu Roy Chowdhury and Aaron E. Darling

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:3

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  43. Content type: Research

    The emergence of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae from human and animal sources is a public health concern as this antibiotic is considered to be the last line therapeutic option for infections caused by ...

    Authors: Zeinab Pishnian, Mehri Haeili and Adel Feizi

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:2

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  44. Content type: Research

    The onset of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranked fifth malignancies all over the world. Increasing evidences showed that the distribution of HCC was related to the incidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV...

    Authors: Qisha Liu, Fan Li, Yaoyao Zhuang, Jian Xu, Jianwei Wang, Xuhua Mao, Yewei Zhang and Xingyin Liu

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2019 11:1

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