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  1. Content type: Research

    How host cell glycosylation affects EPEC or EHEC O157:H7 invasion is unclear. This study investigated whether and how O-glycans were involved in EPEC or EHEC O157:H7 invasion into HT-29 cells.

    Authors: Jun Ye, Qiong Pan, Yangyang Shang, Xiaolong Wei, Zhihong Peng, Wensheng Chen, Lei Chen and Rongquan Wang

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:31

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  2. Content type: Research

    Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of bacterial enteritis worldwide. This microaerophilic bacterium can survive in aerobic environments, suggesting it has protective mechanisms ag...

    Authors: Ramila Cristiane Rodrigues, Anne-Lise Pocheron, Mathieu Hernould, Nabila Haddad, Odile Tresse and Jean-Michel Cappelier

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:30

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  3. Content type: Research

    Arcobacter (A.) butzleri has been described as causative agent for sporadic cases of human gastroenteritis with abdominal pain and acute or prolonged watery diarrhea. In vitro studies ...

    Authors: Markus M. Heimesaat, Gül Karadas, Marie Alutis, André Fischer, Anja A. Kühl, Angele Breithaupt, Ulf B. Göbel, Thomas Alter, Stefan Bereswill and Greta Gölz

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:28

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  4. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    To assess the prevalence of gastrointestinal neoplasia in patients with Streptococcus bovis infectious endocarditis we performed a retrospective cohort analysis of all episodes of S. bovis infectious endocarditis...

    Authors: Anthony Alozie, Kerstin Köller, Lumi Pose, Maximilian Raftis, Gustav Steinhoff, Bernd Westphal, Georg Lamprecht and Andreas Podbielski

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:27

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  5. Content type: Research

    It remains unclear whether the low incidence of gastric cancer in Indonesia is due to low infection rates only or is also related to low Helicobacter pylori pathogenicity. We collected H. pylori strains from the ...

    Authors: Muhammad Miftahussurur, Ari Fahrial Syam, Dadang Makmun, Iswan Abbas Nusi, Lukman Hakim Zein, Zulkhairi, Fardah Akil, Willi Brodus Uswan, David Simanjuntak, Tomohisa Uchida, Pangestu Adi, Amanda Pitarini Utari, Yudith Annisa Ayu Rezkitha, Phawinee Subsomwong, Nasronudin and Yoshio Yamaoka

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:26

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  6. Content type: Research

    Developmentally early cells are mobilized into peripheral blood in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients. OCT4, is considered to be important in sustaining the pluripotency of stem cells. OCT4 splicing variants are diffe...

    Authors: Maria Maragkoudaki, Anna Vaiopoulou, George E. Theodoropoulos, Evangelia Legaki, Leonardo A. Sechi, George Karamanolis, George Zografos and Maria Gazouli

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:25

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  7. Content type: Research

    Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, the most common cause of human gastroenteritis, employs several virulence factors including lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for infection and establis...

    Authors: Sangeeta Jaiswal, Niladri Bhusan Pati, Manupriyam Dubey, Chandrashekhar Padhi, Prakash Kumar Sahoo, Shilpa Ray, Aryashree Arunima, Nirmal Kumar Mohakud and Mrutyunjay Suar

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:24

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  8. Content type: Short Report

    Dietary zinc oxide is used in pig nutrition to combat post weaning diarrhoea. Recent data suggests that high doses (2.5 g/kg feed) increase the bacterial antibiotic resistance development in weaned pigs. There...

    Authors: Wilfried Vahjen, Dominika Pietruszyńska, Ingo C. Starke and Jürgen Zentek

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:23

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  9. Content type: Short report

    Clinical and preclinical observations indicate that Lactobacillus plantarum has anti-inflammatory activity and may regulate the immune responses of its hosts when ingested. Recently, modification of teichoic acid...

    Authors: Wei-Hsien Liu, Chih-Hsien Yang, Ching-Ting Lin, Shiao-Wen Li, Wei-Shen Cheng, Yi-Ping Jiang, Chien-Chen Wu, Chuan-Hsiung Chang and Ying-Chieh Tsai

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:22

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  10. Content type: Research

    Recently the Type VI secretion system (T6SS), which can play a significant role in bacterial survival and pathogenesis, was reported in Campylobacter spp., having the hcp gene as a key component.

    Authors: Nicolae Corcionivoschi, Ozan Gundogdu, Lynn Moran, Carmel Kelly, Pam Scates, Lavinia Stef, Ada Cean, Brendan Wren, Nick Dorrell and Robert H Madden

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:20

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  11. Content type: Research

    For many putative Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica virulence genes, functional characterization across serovars has been limited. Cytolethal distending toxin B (CdtB) is an incompletely characterized virulence...

    Authors: Lorraine D Rodriguez-Rivera, Barbara M Bowen, Henk C den Bakker, Gerald E Duhamel and Martin Wiedmann

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:19

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  12. Content type: Short report

    The O48 group comprises Salmonella bacteria containing sialic acid in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Bacteria with sialylated surface structures are described as pathogens that avoid immunological response of the ...

    Authors: Bożena Futoma-Kołoch, Urszula Godlewska, Katarzyna Guz-Regner, Agata Dorotkiewicz-Jach, Elżbieta Klausa, Jacek Rybka and Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:18

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  13. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    A recent report on the detection in a Crohn’s disease (CD) patient of an adherent and invasive Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) (Gut pathogens 2015, 7:2) prompted a commentary expressing some skeptic...

    Authors: Josias Rodrigues

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:17

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Gastroenteritis attributable to Salmonella enterica and the continuous increase in antimicrobial resistance of this gut pathogen, which compromises the use of previously effective treatments, is of great concern ...

    Authors: Liora Colobatiu, Alexandra Tabaran, Mirela Flonta, Ovidiu Oniga, Simona Mirel and Marian Mihaiu

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:16

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  15. Content type: Short report

    Despite a significant global burden of disease, there is still no vaccine against shigellosis widely available. One aim of the European Union funded STOPENTERICS consortium is to develop vaccine candidates aga...

    Authors: Omar Rossi, Kate S Baker, Armelle Phalipon, François-Xavier Weill, Francesco Citiulo, Philippe Sansonetti, Christiane Gerke and Nicholas R Thomson

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:14

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  16. Content type: Research

    Non-Helicobacter pylori Helicobacters (NHPH) are also able to cause disease in humans. Dogs are a natural reservoir for many of these species. Close and intense human contact with animals has been identified as a...

    Authors: Irina Amorim, Annemieke Smet, Odete Alves, Silvia Teixeira, Ana Laura Saraiva, Marian Taulescu, Celso Reis, Freddy Haesebrouck and Fátima Gärtner

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:12

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  17. Content type: Genome Announcement

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is an important pathogen that causes childhood and travelers’ diarrhea. Here, we present the draft genomes of four ETEC isolates recovered from stool specimens of patients ...

    Authors: Fei Liu, Xi Yang, Zhiyun Wang, Matilda Nicklasson, Firdausi Qadri, Yong Yi, Yuying Zhu, Na Lv, Jing Li, Ruifen Zhang, Huijuan Guo, Baoli Zhu, Åsa Sjöling and Yongfei Hu

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:10

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  18. Content type: Research

    The duodenal ulcer promoting gene (dupA) and dupA cluster in Helicobacter pylori have been described as a risk factor for duodenal ulcer development in some populations. Polymorphic gene dupA can be divided into ...

    Authors: Jawed Alam, Prachetash Ghosh, Mou Ganguly, Avijit Sarkar, Ronita De and Asish K Mukhopadhyay

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:9

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  19. Content type: Research

    A healthy gut with normal intestinal microflora is completely disrupted by oral antibiotics. The byproducts of harmful gut bacteria can interfere with brain development and may contribute to autism. Strategies...

    Authors: Afaf El-Ansary, Ramesa Shafi Bhat, Sooad Al-Daihan and Abeer M Al Dbass

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:7

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  20. Content type: Research

    The Malaysian giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, is an economically important crustacean worldwide. However, production of this prawn is facing a serious threat from Vibriosis disease caused by Vi...

    Authors: Rama Rao, Ya Bing Zhu, Tahereh Alinejad, Suma Tiruvayipati, Kwai Lin Thong, Jun Wang and Subha Bhassu

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:6

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  21. Content type: Research

    Chicken gut microbiota has paramount roles in host performance, health and immunity. Understanding the topological difference in gut microbial community composition is crucial to provide knowledge on the funct...

    Authors: Mohd Asrore Mohd Shaufi, Chin Chin Sieo, Chun Wie Chong, Han Ming Gan and Yin Wan Ho

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:4

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  22. Content type: Research

    The success of the probiotics in delivery of health benefits depends on their ability to withstand the technological and gastrointestinal conditions; hence development of robust cultures is critical to the pro...

    Authors: Moloko Gloria Mathipa and Mapitsi Silvester Thantsha

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:5

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  23. Content type: Research

    Rotavirus infections are a major cause of diarrhea in children in both developed and developing countries. Rotavirus genetics, patient immunity, and environmental factors are thought to be related to the sever...

    Authors: Subijanto Marto Sudarmo, Katsumi Shigemura, Alpha Fardah Athiyyah, Kayo Osawa, Oktavian Prasetia Wardana, Andy Darma, Reza Ranuh, Dadik Raharjo, Soichi Arakawa, Masato Fujisawa and Toshiro Shirakawa

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:3

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  24. Content type: Research

    Escherichia coli is a normal inhabitant of the gut which upon acquiring virulence factors becomes potentially able to cause diseases. Although E. coli population augments in Crohn’s disease (CD...

    Authors: Ana Carolina da Silva Santos, Fernando Gomes Romeiro, Ligia Yukie Sassaki and Josias Rodrigues

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:2

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  25. Content type: Research

    Vibrio cholerae, which is a serious human intestinal pathogen, often resides and thrives in estuaries but requires major self-regulation to overcome intestinal hyperosmotic stress or high salt stress in water and...

    Authors: Xiuping Fu, Weili Liang, Pengcheng Du, Meiying Yan and Biao Kan

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:47

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  26. Content type: Genome Announcement

    Staphylococcus capitis is an emerging opportunistic pathogen of humans, and found as a colonizer of the human gut. Here, we report a case of S. capitis subsp. urealyticus infection. The strain LNZR-1 was isolated...

    Authors: Xiaoxia Li, Min Lei, Yanli Song, Kunwei Gong, Ling Li, Hongyan Liang and Xiaofeng Jiang

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:45

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  27. Content type: Research

    Probiotics and prebiotics are promising strategies to counteract Salmonella prevalence in swine. In the present study, we investigated the effects of prebiotics (fructo- (FOS), galacto- (GOS) and mannan- (MOS) ol...

    Authors: Sabine Amani Tanner, Christophe Chassard, Annina Zihler Berner and Christophe Lacroix

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:44

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  28. Content type: Short report

    Gastrointestinal tract microbiota, particularly bacterial microflora, seem to have a different qualitative and quantitative composition in both type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) mellitus cases as compar...

    Authors: Tomasz Gosiewski, Dominika Salamon, Magdalena Szopa, Agnieszka Sroka, Maciej T Malecki and Malgorzata Bulanda

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:43

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  29. Content type: Research

    Sulawesi in Indonesia has a unique geographical profile with assumed separation from Sundaland. Studies of Helicobacter pylori in this region are rare due to the region’s rural location and lack of endoscopy equi...

    Authors: Muhammad Miftahussurur, Josef Tuda, Rumiko Suzuki, Yasutoshi Kido, Fumihiko Kawamoto, Miyuki Matsuda, Indah S Tantular, Suhintam Pusarawati, Nasronudin, Paul N Harijanto and Yoshio Yamaoka

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:42

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  30. Content type: Genome Announcement

    The relationship between Klebsiella pneumoniae and nosocomial and community-acquired infections is well known, and K. pneumoniae resistance to most antibiotics is increasing worldwide. In contrast, tigecycline re...

    Authors: Beiwen Zheng, Ang Li, Xiawei Jiang, Xinjun Hu, Jian Yao, Lina Zhao, Jinru Ji, Min Ye, Yonghong Xiao and Lanjuan Li

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:40

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  31. Content type: Research

    The varied clinical presentations of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection are most likely due to differences in the virulence of individual strains, which determines its ability to induce production of inter...

    Authors: Iqbal Siddique, Asmaa Al-Qabandi, Jaber Al-Ali, Waleed Alazmi, Anjum Memon, Abu Salim Mustafa and Thamradeen A Junaid

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:41

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  32. Content type: Research

    The mutS-rpoS intergenic region in E. coli displays a mosaic structure which revealed pathotype specific patterns. To assess the importance of this region as a surrogate marker for the identification of highly vi...

    Authors: Christa Ewers, Flavia Dematheis, Haritha Devi Singamaneni, Nishant Nandanwar, Angelika Fruth, Ines Diehl, Torsten Semmler and Lothar H Wieler

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:37

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  33. Content type: Research

    We generated a neonatal pig model with human infant gut microbiota (HGM) to study the effect of a probiotic on the composition of the transplanted microbiota following rotavirus vaccination and challenge. All ...

    Authors: Husen Zhang, Haifeng Wang, Megan Shepherd, Ke Wen, Guohua Li, Xingdong Yang, Jacob Kocher, Ernawati Giri-Rachman, Allan Dickerman, Robert Settlage and Lijuan Yuan

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:39

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  34. Content type: Review

    After entering the gastrointestinal (GI) tract on the way to their physiological site of infection, enteric bacteria encounter a remarkable diversity in environmental conditions. There are gross differences in...

    Authors: Chirantana Sengupta, Sreejana Ray and Rukhsana Chowdhury

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:38

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  35. Content type: Research

    One mechanism utilized by bacterial pathogens for host adaptation and immune evasion is the generation of phenotypic diversity by the phasevarion that results from the differential expression of a suite of gen...

    Authors: Jonathan C Gauntlett, Hans-Olof Nilsson, Alma Fulurija, Barry J Marshall and Mohammed Benghezal

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:35

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  36. Content type: Genome Announcement

    Escherichia coli are a frequent cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) and are thought to have a foodborne origin. E. coli with sequence type 127 (ST127) are emerging pathogens increasingly implicated as a cause...

    Authors: Aaron E Darling, Jessica McKinnon, Paul Worden, Jerran Santos, Ian G Charles, Piklu Roy Chowdhury and Steven P Djordjevic

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:32

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  37. Content type: Research

    Strains of Pediococcus pentosaceus from food and the human gastrointestinal tract have been widely identified, and some have been reported to reduce inflammation, encephalopathy, obesity and fatty liver in animal...

    Authors: Long-Xian Lv, Yu-Dong Li, Xin-Jun Hu, Hai-Yan Shi and Lan-Juan Li

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:36

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  38. Content type: Research

    Blastocystis species are common human enteric parasites. Carriage has been linked to Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Treatment of Blastocystis spp. with antimicrobials is problematic and insensitive diagnostic me...

    Authors: Robyn Nagel, Helle Bielefeldt-Ohmann and Rebecca Traub

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:34

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  39. Content type: Research

    Many probiotic bacteria have been described as promising tools for the treatment and prevention of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Most of these bacteria are lactic acid bacteria, which are part of the hea...

    Authors: Tessalia Diniz Luerce, Ana Cristina Gomes-Santos, Clarissa Santos Rocha, Thais Garcias Moreira, Déborah Nogueira Cruz, Luísa Lemos, Adna Luciana Sousa, Vanessa Bastos Pereira, Marcela de Azevedo, Kátia Moraes, Denise Carmona Cara, Jean Guy LeBlanc, Vasco Azevedo, Ana Maria Caetano Faria and Anderson Miyoshi

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:33

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  40. Content type: Research

    Bifidobacterium species, including Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum, are among the dominant microbial populations of the human gastrointestinal tract. They are also major components of many commercial probiotic ...

    Authors: Ángel Alegría, Susana Delgado, Lucía Guadamuro, Ana Belén Flórez, Giovanna E Felis, Sandra Torriani and Baltasar Mayo

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:31

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  41. Content type: Short report

    The human gut microbiome is important for maintaining the health status of the host. Clostridia are key members of the human gut microbiome, carrying out several important functions in the gut environment. Hen...

    Authors: Nachiket Prakash Marathe, Sudarshan Anand Shetty, Vikram B Lanjekar, Mandar Hemant Rasane, Dilip R Ranade and Yogesh S Shouche

    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2014 6:30

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