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  1. The advent and use of highly sensitive molecular biology techniques to explore the microbiota and microbiome in environmental and tissue samples have detected the presence of contaminating microbial DNA within...

    Authors: Angela Glassing, Scot E. Dowd, Susan Galandiuk, Brian Davis and Rodrick J. Chiodini
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:24
  2. Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a Gram-negative halophilic bacterium which is found largely in estuarine and coastal waters. The bacteria has been a main focus in gastro-intestinal infectio...

    Authors: Suma Tiruvayipati and Subha Bhassu
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:23
  3. Campylobacter concisus is a Gram-negative bacterium that is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Some C. concisus strains carry zonula occludens toxin (zot) gene which has...

    Authors: Vikneswari Mahendran, Fang Liu, Stephen M. Riordan, Michael C. Grimm, Mark M. Tanaka and Li Zhang
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:18
  4. Campylobacter species are recognized as the most common cause of foodborne bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. In this study nine Campylobacter strains isolated from chicken meat and ...

    Authors: Tuan Ngoc Minh Nguyen, Helmut Hotzel, Hosny El-Adawy, Hanh Thi Tran, Minh Thi Hong Le, Herbert Tomaso, Heinrich Neubauer and Hafez Mohamed Hafez
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:19
  5. Factors like ethnicity, diet and age of an individual have been hypothesized to play a role in determining the makeup of gut microbiome. In order to investigate the gut microbiome structure as well as the inte...

    Authors: Deepak Yadav, Tarini Shankar Ghosh and Sharmila S. Mande
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:17
  6. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) is a human and animal pathogen that causes gastroenteritis characterized by inflammatory diarrhea and occasionally an invasive ...

    Authors: Jacob R. Elder, Kim Lam Chiok, Narayan C. Paul, Gary Haldorson, Jean Guard and Devendra H. Shah
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:16

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Gut Pathogens 2016 8:35

  7. The non-shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (non-STEC) O157 is a pathogenic strain that cause diarrhea but does not cause hemolytic-uremic syndrome, or hemorrhagic colitis. Here, we present the 5-Mb draft geno...

    Authors: Taesoo Kwon, Jung-Beom Kim, Young-Seok Bak, Young-Bin Yu, Ki Sung Kwon, Won Kim and Seung-Hak Cho
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:13
  8. Peptoclostridium (Clostridium) difficile is a spore-forming bacterium responsible for nosocomial infections in humans. It is recognized as an important agent of diarrhea and colitis in...

    Authors: Felipe L. Pereira, Carlos A. Oliveira Júnior, Rodrigo O. S. Silva, Fernanda A. Dorella, Alex F. Carvalho, Gabriel M. F. Almeida, Carlos A. G. Leal, Francisco C. F. Lobato and Henrique C. P. Figueiredo
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:11
  9. Almost all Helicobacter pylori infected person develop gastritis and severe gastritis is supposed to be the denominator of peptic ulcer diseases, which may lead to gastric cancer. However, it is still an enigma w...

    Authors: Mou Ganguly, Sagartirtha Sarkar, Prachetash Ghosh, Avijit Sarkar, Jawed Alam, Bipul Chandra Karmakar, Ronita De, Dhira Rani Saha and Asish K. Mukhopadhyay
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:10
  10. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) causes Johne’s disease in domestic and wild ruminants. It has been a debate that whether Map can cause Crohn’s disease in human. T...

    Authors: Ruichao Yue, Chunfa Liu, Paul Barrow, Fei Liu, Yongyong Cui, Lifeng Yang, Deming Zhao and Xiangmei Zhou
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:9
  11. This study was designed to determine the relationship between Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) infection and selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity, in the blood of humans a...

    Authors: Ahmad Qasem, Ahmad Abdel-Aty, Huda Abu-Suwa and Saleh A. Naser
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:12
  12. Pathogenic strains in Escherichia coli can be divided into several pathotypes according to their virulence features. Among them, uropathogenic E. coli causes most of the urinary tract infections and has a genotyp...

    Authors: Min-Jung Kwak, Myung-Soo Kim, Soon-Kyeong Kwon, Seung-Hak Cho and Jihyun F. Kim
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:7
  13. Paenibacillus sp. strain VT-400, a novel spore-forming bacterium, was isolated from patients with hematological malignancies.

    Authors: George Tetz, Victor Tetz and Maria Vecherkovskaya
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:6
  14. The virulence role of surface antigens in a single serotype of Klebsiella pneumoniae strain have been studied, but little is known about whether their contribution will vary with serotype.

    Authors: Kuo-Ming Yeh, Sheng-Kung Chiu, Chii-Lan Lin, Li-Yueh Huang, Yu-Kuo Tsai, Jen-Chang Chang, Jung-Chung Lin, Feng-Yee Chang and Leung-Kei Siu
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:4
  15. Intestinal microorganisms affect host physiology, including ageing. Given the difficulty in controlling for human studies of the gut microbiome, mouse models provide an alternative avenue to study such relatio...

    Authors: Sooyeon Lim, Dong-Ho Chang, Sharon Ahn and Byoung-Chan Kim
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:3
  16. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia occasionally appears in immunodeficient patients. While several reports have shown that Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia occurred in the early phase of sta...

    Authors: Takuya Iwama, Aki Sakatani, Mikihiro Fujiya, Kazuyuki Tanaka, Shugo Fujibayashi, Yoshiki Nomura, Nobuhiro Ueno, Shin Kashima, Takuma Gotoh, Junpei Sasajima, Kentaro Moriichi and Katsuya Ikuta
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:2
  17. The babA2 gene along with the cagA and vacA of Helicobacter pylori has been considered as a risk factor for the disease outcome in certain populations. This study was aimed to understand the role of babA2 of H. p...

    Authors: Prachetash Ghosh, Avijit Sarkar, Mou Ganguly, Raghwan, Jawed Alam, Ronita De and Asish K. Mukhopadhyay
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2016 8:1
  18. Recent research suggests integration of the intestinal microbiota in gut-brain communication which could lead to new approaches to treat neurological disorders. The highly social prairie voles are an excellen...

    Authors: Senait Assefa, Kathleen Ahles, Simone Bigelow, J. Thomas Curtis and Gerwald A. Köhler
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:35
  19. The worldwide increase of food-borne infections with antibiotic resistant pathogens constitutes a major public health problem. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence, antibiogram, virulence ge...

    Authors: Rasha M. Gharieb, Yasmine H. Tartor and Mariam H. E. Khedr
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:34
  20. Rapid commercial assays, including nucleic acid amplification tests and immunoassays for Clostridium. difficile toxins, have replaced the use of older assays. They are included in a two-step algorithm diagnosis, ...

    Authors: J. Goret, J. Blanchi, C. Eckert, S. Lacome, A. Petit, F. Barbut, C. Bébéar and Francis Mégraud
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:33
  21. Disturbances in the intestinal microbial community (i.e. dysbiosis) or presence of the microbes with deleterious effects on colonic mucosa has been linked to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. Ho...

    Authors: Zhengyu Du, Tomas Hudcovic, Jakub Mrazek, Hana Kozakova, Dagmar Srutkova, Martin Schwarzer, Helena Tlaskalova-Hogenova, Martin Kostovcik and Miloslav Kverka
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:32
  22. How host cell glycosylation affects EPEC or EHEC O157:H7 invasion is unclear. This study investigated whether and how O-glycans were involved in EPEC or EHEC O157:H7 invasion into HT-29 cells.

    Authors: Jun Ye, Qiong Pan, Yangyang Shang, Xiaolong Wei, Zhihong Peng, Wensheng Chen, Lei Chen and Rongquan Wang
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:31
  23. Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of bacterial enteritis worldwide. This microaerophilic bacterium can survive in aerobic environments, suggesting it has protective mechanisms ag...

    Authors: Ramila Cristiane Rodrigues, Anne-Lise Pocheron, Mathieu Hernould, Nabila Haddad, Odile Tresse and Jean-Michel Cappelier
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:30
  24. Arcobacter (A.) butzleri has been described as causative agent for sporadic cases of human gastroenteritis with abdominal pain and acute or prolonged watery diarrhea. In vitro studies ...

    Authors: Markus M. Heimesaat, Gül Karadas, Marie Alutis, André Fischer, Anja A. Kühl, Angele Breithaupt, Ulf B. Göbel, Thomas Alter, Stefan Bereswill and Greta Gölz
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:28
  25. To assess the prevalence of gastrointestinal neoplasia in patients with Streptococcus bovis infectious endocarditis we performed a retrospective cohort analysis of all episodes of S. bovis infectious endocarditis...

    Authors: Anthony Alozie, Kerstin Köller, Lumi Pose, Maximilian Raftis, Gustav Steinhoff, Bernd Westphal, Georg Lamprecht and Andreas Podbielski
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:27
  26. It remains unclear whether the low incidence of gastric cancer in Indonesia is due to low infection rates only or is also related to low Helicobacter pylori pathogenicity. We collected H. pylori strains from the ...

    Authors: Muhammad Miftahussurur, Ari Fahrial Syam, Dadang Makmun, Iswan Abbas Nusi, Lukman Hakim Zein, Zulkhairi, Fardah Akil, Willi Brodus Uswan, David Simanjuntak, Tomohisa Uchida, Pangestu Adi, Amanda Pitarini Utari, Yudith Annisa Ayu Rezkitha, Phawinee Subsomwong, Nasronudin and Yoshio Yamaoka
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:26
  27. Developmentally early cells are mobilized into peripheral blood in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients. OCT4, is considered to be important in sustaining the pluripotency of stem cells. OCT4 splicing variants are diffe...

    Authors: Maria Maragkoudaki, Anna Vaiopoulou, George E. Theodoropoulos, Evangelia Legaki, Leonardo A. Sechi, George Karamanolis, George Zografos and Maria Gazouli
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:25
  28. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, the most common cause of human gastroenteritis, employs several virulence factors including lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for infection and establis...

    Authors: Sangeeta Jaiswal, Niladri Bhusan Pati, Manupriyam Dubey, Chandrashekhar Padhi, Prakash Kumar Sahoo, Shilpa Ray, Aryashree Arunima, Nirmal Kumar Mohakud and Mrutyunjay Suar
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:24
  29. Dietary zinc oxide is used in pig nutrition to combat post weaning diarrhoea. Recent data suggests that high doses (2.5 g/kg feed) increase the bacterial antibiotic resistance development in weaned pigs. There...

    Authors: Wilfried Vahjen, Dominika Pietruszyńska, Ingo C. Starke and Jürgen Zentek
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:23
  30. Clinical and preclinical observations indicate that Lactobacillus plantarum has anti-inflammatory activity and may regulate the immune responses of its hosts when ingested. Recently, modification of teichoic acid...

    Authors: Wei-Hsien Liu, Chih-Hsien Yang, Ching-Ting Lin, Shiao-Wen Li, Wei-Shen Cheng, Yi-Ping Jiang, Chien-Chen Wu, Chuan-Hsiung Chang and Ying-Chieh Tsai
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:22
  31. Recently the Type VI secretion system (T6SS), which can play a significant role in bacterial survival and pathogenesis, was reported in Campylobacter spp., having the hcp gene as a key component.

    Authors: Nicolae Corcionivoschi, Ozan Gundogdu, Lynn Moran, Carmel Kelly, Pam Scates, Lavinia Stef, Ada Cean, Brendan Wren, Nick Dorrell and Robert H Madden
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:20
  32. For many putative Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica virulence genes, functional characterization across serovars has been limited. Cytolethal distending toxin B (CdtB) is an incompletely characterized virulence...

    Authors: Lorraine D Rodriguez-Rivera, Barbara M Bowen, Henk C den Bakker, Gerald E Duhamel and Martin Wiedmann
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:19
  33. The O48 group comprises Salmonella bacteria containing sialic acid in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Bacteria with sialylated surface structures are described as pathogens that avoid immunological response of the ...

    Authors: Bożena Futoma-Kołoch, Urszula Godlewska, Katarzyna Guz-Regner, Agata Dorotkiewicz-Jach, Elżbieta Klausa, Jacek Rybka and Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:18
  34. A recent report on the detection in a Crohn’s disease (CD) patient of an adherent and invasive Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) (Gut pathogens 2015, 7:2) prompted a commentary expressing some skeptic...

    Authors: Josias Rodrigues
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:17
  35. Gastroenteritis attributable to Salmonella enterica and the continuous increase in antimicrobial resistance of this gut pathogen, which compromises the use of previously effective treatments, is of great concern ...

    Authors: Liora Colobatiu, Alexandra Tabaran, Mirela Flonta, Ovidiu Oniga, Simona Mirel and Marian Mihaiu
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:16
  36. Despite a significant global burden of disease, there is still no vaccine against shigellosis widely available. One aim of the European Union funded STOPENTERICS consortium is to develop vaccine candidates aga...

    Authors: Omar Rossi, Kate S Baker, Armelle Phalipon, François-Xavier Weill, Francesco Citiulo, Philippe Sansonetti, Christiane Gerke and Nicholas R Thomson
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:14
  37. Non-Helicobacter pylori Helicobacters (NHPH) are also able to cause disease in humans. Dogs are a natural reservoir for many of these species. Close and intense human contact with animals has been identified as a...

    Authors: Irina Amorim, Annemieke Smet, Odete Alves, Silvia Teixeira, Ana Laura Saraiva, Marian Taulescu, Celso Reis, Freddy Haesebrouck and Fátima Gärtner
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:12
  38. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is an important pathogen that causes childhood and travelers’ diarrhea. Here, we present the draft genomes of four ETEC isolates recovered from stool specimens of patients ...

    Authors: Fei Liu, Xi Yang, Zhiyun Wang, Matilda Nicklasson, Firdausi Qadri, Yong Yi, Yuying Zhu, Na Lv, Jing Li, Ruifen Zhang, Huijuan Guo, Baoli Zhu, Åsa Sjöling and Yongfei Hu
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:10
  39. The duodenal ulcer promoting gene (dupA) and dupA cluster in Helicobacter pylori have been described as a risk factor for duodenal ulcer development in some populations. Polymorphic gene dupA can be divided into ...

    Authors: Jawed Alam, Prachetash Ghosh, Mou Ganguly, Avijit Sarkar, Ronita De and Asish K Mukhopadhyay
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:9
  40. A healthy gut with normal intestinal microflora is completely disrupted by oral antibiotics. The byproducts of harmful gut bacteria can interfere with brain development and may contribute to autism. Strategies...

    Authors: Afaf El-Ansary, Ramesa Shafi Bhat, Sooad Al-Daihan and Abeer M Al Dbass
    Citation: Gut Pathogens 2015 7:7