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  1. Commentary

    Bacteriophages in the gastrointestinal tract and their implications

    The gut microbiota plays an essential role in health and disease of humans. Bacteriophages are the most abundant members of the gut virobiota and display great diversity. Phages can translocate through the muc...

    Marzanna Łusiak-Szelachowska, Beata Weber-Dąbrowska, Ewa Jończyk-Matysiak, Renata Wojciechowska and Andrzej Górski

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:44

    Published on: 10 August 2017

  2. Research

    Genome characterization of a novel binary toxin-positive strain of Clostridium difficile and comparison with the epidemic 027 and 078 strains

    Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic Gram-positive spore-forming gut pathogen that causes antibiotic-associated diarrhea worldwide. A small number of C. difficile strains express the ...

    Zhong Peng, Sidi Liu, Xiujuan Meng, Wan Liang, Zhuofei Xu, Biao Tang, Yuanguo Wang, Juping Duan, Chenchao Fu, Bin Wu, Anhua Wu and Chunhui Li

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:42

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  3. Short report

    Gut dysbiosis in mice genetically selected for low antibody production

    Dysbiosis is linked to the cause of several human diseases, many of which having an immunity related component. This work investigated whether mice genetically selected for low or high antibody production disp...

    Ana Carolina da Silva Santos, José Ricardo Jensen, Silvio Luis de Oliveira and Josias Rodrigues

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:43

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  4. Genome Report

    Complete genome sequence of a commensal bacterium, Hafnia alvei CBA7124, isolated from human feces

    Members of the genus Hafnia have been isolated from the feces of mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish, as well as from soil, water, sewage, and foods. Hafnia alvei is an opportunistic pathogen that has been implica...

    Hye Seon Song, Joon Yong Kim, Yeon Bee Kim, Myeong Seon Jeong, Jisu Kang, Jin-Kyu Rhee, Joseph Kwon, Ju Suk Kim, Jong-Soon Choi, Hak-Jong Choi, Young-Do Nam and Seong Woon Roh

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:41

    Published on: 27 July 2017

  5. Research

    Overexpression of serine protease HtrA enhances disruption of adherens junctions, paracellular transmigration and type IV secretion of CagA by Helicobacter pylori

    The serine protease HtrA is an important factor for regulating stress responses and protein quality control in bacteria. In recent studies, we have demonstrated that the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori can s...

    Aileen Harrer, Manja Boehm, Steffen Backert and Nicole Tegtmeyer

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:40

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  6. Letter to the Editor

    Introducing the sporobiota and sporobiome

    Unrelated spore-forming bacteria share unique characteristics stemming from the presence of highly resistant endospores, leading to similar challenges in health and disease. These characteristics are related t...

    George Tetz and Victor Tetz

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:38

    Published on: 30 June 2017

  7. Research

    Prevalence of pks-positive Escherichia coli in Japanese patients with or without colorectal cancer

    Recent studies show that some Escherichia coli strains possessing a gene cluster named the pks island might have a causative role in the development of human colorectal cancer (CRC). In several reports from Europ...

    Takayuki Shimpoh, Yoshihiro Hirata, Sozaburo Ihara, Nobumi Suzuki, Hiroto Kinoshita, Yoku Hayakawa, Yumiko Ota, Akiko Narita, Shuntaro Yoshida, Atsuo Yamada and Kazuhiko Koike

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:35

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  8. Genome report

    Complete genome sequence of Clostridium perfringens CBA7123 isolated from a faecal sample from Korea

    Clostridium perfringens is an opportunistic human pathogen that causes necrotic enteritis, mild diarrhea, clostridial myonecrosis or gas gangrene, sepsis, etc. In this study, we aim to...

    Yeon Bee Kim, Joon Yong Kim, Hye Seon Song, Changsu Lee, Joseph Kwon, Jisu Kang, Jin-Kyu Rhee, Myeong Seon Jeong, Young-Do Nam and Seong Woon Roh

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:32

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  9. Research

    Comparison of clinical and immunological findings in gnotobiotic piglets infected with Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreak strain and EHEC O157:H7

    Shiga toxin (Stx) producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) (STEC) is the most frequent cause of diarrhoea-positive haemolytic uraemic syndrome (D + HUS) in humans. In 2011, a huge outbreak with an STEC O104:H4 strain...

    Bettina Wöchtl, Florian Gunzer, Wilhelm Gerner, Hagen Gasse, Michaela Koch, Zoltán Bagó, Martin Ganter, Herbert Weissenböck, Nora Dinhopl, Sina M. Coldewey, Alexandra von Altrock, Karl-Heinz Waldmann, Armin Saalmüller, Kurt Zimmermann, Jörg Steinmann, Jan Kehrmann…

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:30

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  10. Research

    Capsular polysaccharide inhibits adhesion of Bifidobacterium longum 105-A to enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells and phagocytosis by macrophages

    Bifidobacterium longum 105-A produces markedly high amounts of capsular polysaccharides (CPS) and exopolysaccharides (EPS) that should play distinct roles in bacterial–host interaction...

    Amin Tahoun, Hisayoshi Masutani, Hanem El-Sharkawy, Trudi Gillespie, Ryo P. Honda, Kazuo Kuwata, Mizuho Inagaki, Tomio Yabe, Izumi Nomura and Tohru Suzuki

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:27

    Published on: 1 May 2017

  11. Research

    Single-nucleotide polymorphism typing analysis for molecular subtyping of Salmonella Tennessee isolates associated with the 2007 nationwide peanut butter outbreak in the United States

    In 2007, a nationwide Salmonella Tennessee outbreak occurred via contaminated peanut butter. Here, we developed a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-typing method for S. Tennessee to determine the clonal subtyp...

    Hee-Jin Dong, Seongbeom Cho, David Boxrud, Shelly Rankin, Francis Downe, Judith Lovchik, Jim Gibson, Matt Erdman and A. Mahdi Saeed

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:25

    Published on: 1 May 2017

  12. Research

    Antibiotic resistance, serogroups, virulence genes, and phylogenetic groups of Escherichia coli isolated from yaks with diarrhea in Qinghai Plateau, China

    Ruminants serve as one of the most important reservoirs for pathogenic Escherichia coli. Infection with E. coli, a foodborne enteropathogen, can lead to asymptomatic infections that can cause life-threatening com...

    Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Hui Zhang, Muhammad Kashif Iqbal, Khalid Mehmood, Shucheng Huang, Fazul Nabi, Houqiang Luo, Yanfang Lan and Jiakui Li

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:24

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  13. Research

    Mechanisms of antidiarrhoeal effects by diosmectite in human intestinal cells

    Rotavirus (RV) induces diarrhoea through a sequence of enterotoxic and cytotoxic effects. The former are NSP4-dependent, induce calcium-dependent chloride secretion and involve oxidative stress. Diosmectite (D...

    Vittoria Buccigrossi, Carla Russo, Amedeo Guarino, Maiara Brusco de Freitas and Alfredo Guarino

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:23

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  14. Research

    Genetic variants of Helicobacter pylori type IV secretion system components CagL and CagI and their association with clinical outcomes

    Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with risk for chronic gastritis (CG), gastric ulcer (GU), duodenal ulcer (DU), and gastric cancer (GC). The H. pylori Cag type IV secretion ...

    Hirofumi Ogawa, Akira Iwamoto, Toshihito Tanahashi, Rina Okada, Koji Yamamoto, Shin Nishiumi, Masaru Yoshida and Takeshi Azuma

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:21

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  15. Research

    Prevalence, virulence potential, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiling of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains from cattle

    As a primary source of Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection, cattle are often targeted to develop strategies for reducing STEC contamination. Monitoring the virulence potentials of STEC isolate...

    Hee-Jin Dong, Soomin Lee, Woohyun Kim, Jae-Uk An, Junhyung Kim, Danil Kim and Seongbeom Cho

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:22

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  16. Research

    Substance P enhances lactic acid and tyramine production in Enterococcus faecalis V583 and promotes its cytotoxic effect on intestinal Caco-2/TC7 cells

    Enterococcus faecalis, generally considered as a saprophytic bowel commensal, has recently emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen causing severe urinary tract infections, surgical...

    Kelly Biaggini, Valérie Borrel, Sabine Szunerits, Rabah Boukherroub, Awa N’Diaye, Arthur Zébré, Maryse Bonnin-Jusserand, Guillaume Duflos, Marc Feuilloley, Djamel Drider, Pierre Déchelotte and Nathalie Connil

    Gut Pathogens 2017 9:20

    Published on: 21 April 2017

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